Speech by the President of the Republic of Indonesia at The High-Level Side Event on The New Deal, Perspective of The G7+
H.E. DR. SUSILO BAMBANG YUDHOYONO
PRESIDENT OF THE REPUBLIC OF INDONESIA
THE HIGH-LEVEL SIDE EVENT ON
THE NEW DEAL: PERSPECTIVE OF THE G7+
NEW YORK, 26 SEPTEMBER 2012
Assalamualaikum Warahmatullahi Wabarakatuh,
May peace be upon us all.
Your Excellency President Ellen Johnson-Sirleaf,
Your Excellency President Hamid Karzai,
Your Excellency Prime Minister Xanana Gusmao,
Excellencies Ministers and Heads of Delegation,
Ladies and Gentlemen,
Let me begin by expressing my appreciation to the President of Liberia, the President of Afghanistan, and the Prime Minister of Timor-Leste for convening this side event.
I appreciate their wisdom in advancing peace-building and state-building, in their capacity as leaders of their respective countries and as Co-chairs of G7 Plus.
I would also like to commend all G7 Plus members for their commitment to promoting sustainable peace and development.
In my remarks before the General Assembly yesterday, I underlined the importance of collaboration and global partnership between developing and developed countries. In this complex and interlinked world, no country can cope with all global challenges by itself. I therefore commend this forum for highlighting the importance of collaboration and partnership.
I welcome the New Deal for Engagement in Fragile States—a landmark document that envisions the transition of countries from fragility to sustainable peace and development. The document reflects the determination of G7 Plus countries to pursue, country-owned and country-led plans to build peace.
Peace-building is indeed an essential step for countries to strengthen and consolidate peace. It will unlock potential for economic progress and development.
The role of international partners is critical to countries’ peace-building capacity. The UN system, the International Financial Institutions and regional organizations must therefore deliver support and assistance to countries that are building the peace.
To be effective, this multi-sourced international support requires close coordination and collaboration among all relevant actors. It will also require a transparent and accountable process. This is what happened when we were engaged in peace-building efforts in Indonesia’s Province of Aceh, after decades of armed conflict.
Also critical to peace-building is a sense of ownership. Therefore, we have to ensure that when we are supporting countries’ peace-building efforts, we get to know better the needs and aspirations of all stakeholders.
This principle of national ownership is also reflected in the New Deal, the document that the G7 Plus adopted with their development partners.
Indonesia is encouraged by the document’s clear reflection of the need for constructive engagement between government and society. And the need for the empowerment of women, youth and marginalized groups. They are the key actors for peace.
Today, with the establishment of the Peacebuilding Commission within the UN framework, global efforts to support peace-building programs can be more coherent and sustainable.
Indonesia fully supports the UN peacebuilding agenda in post conflict countries. We continue to support the work and the vital role played by the Peacebuilding Commission, on which Indonesia serves as a member.
I am pleased to mention that in 2008, Indonesia as Commission member took active part in the PBC Task Force on private sector’s role in post-conflict peacebuilding. The recommendations of that Task Force were of great help when the Commission secured the participation of philanthropic organization – non-traditional actors that are committed to humanitarian causes.
We are pleased that the 2012 Roadmap of actions of the Peacebuilding Commission provides a strong focus on resource mobilization and partnerships. Indonesia strongly supports this as it will strengthen the implementation of the recommendations of the 2008 Task Force.
The Commission has been playing an active and constructive role in advancing peacebuilding through its Organizational Committee and its Country Specific Configurations.
In the context of the UN High-level Panel of Eminent Persons on the Post-2015 Development Agenda, both Co-chairs and members of the Panel agree that peace, security and development are interconnected.
We also agreed that the principles of justice, legitimate politics and security are critical to sustainable development; And also to peace-building and state-building efforts.
For its part, Indonesia has been promoting equitable development as well as sustainable growth with equity.
We are determined to significantly reduce inequality, because it creates hatred, tension, conflicts, violence, and even war.
Equity means equal access to resources, and it is about justice and fairness. Justice and economic growth are mutually reinforcing. Both are essential to peace-building.
Over the years, Indonesia has been consistently utilizing South-South cooperation to enhance the peace-building capacity of developing countries recovering from conflict. We are strengthening their capacity for economic growth with equity.
As Indonesia’s own capacity develops, and always imbued by a sense of partnership, Indonesia has developed a range of technical capacity building cooperation programs with a number of countries emerging from conflict situation. Bilateral capacity building cooperation has been developed, for example, with our closest neighbor Timor-Leste. Trilateral cooperation, involving third countries, has been developed, including with Palestine. Similar approach is being developed with Myanmar and Afghanistan. Beyond such bilateral and trilateral frameworks, we are developing similar capacity programs within the context of Southwest Pacific Dialogue, Pacific Islands Forum as well as the New Asian-African Strategic Partnership.
I strongly hope that through this kind of cooperation, our experience can provide useful insights for other countries in similar geographic, social, economic and cultural situations. They may also be useful to those countries that are in the midst of democratic transition.
I thank you.
New York, 26 September 2012
PRESIDENT OF THE REPUBLIC OF INDONESIA
DR. H. SUSILO BAMBANG YUDHOYONO