General policy of the Government of Indonesia on international organizations is founded on the Regulation of the President No. 7 of 2005 on Medium Term Development Plan (MTDP) Year 2004-2009, Chapter 8 on Consolidation of Foreign Policy and Enhancement of International Cooperation. Through the MTDP, Government is trying to enhance the roles of Indonesia in international relations and in establishing peace as well as encouraging better international and regional economic governance and cooperation in order to support national development.
Priorities of Indonesian foreign policy for the next 5 years are implemented through 3 main programs, namely consolidation of Indonesian foreign policy and optimization of Indonesian diplomacy program, international cooperation enhancement program with a purpose of optimally realizing various potentials available in international cooperation forums, and affirmation of commitment to world peace program.
The Presidential Decree No. 64 of 1999 stipulated that the objective of Indonesia's membership in international organization is to attain maximum benefits for the sake of national interest with compliance to prevailing laws and regulations and regards to efficiency of state budget allocation and financial capacity.
Indonesia's membership in international organizations is expected to provide the following benefits:
- Political aspect: endorsing democratization, promoting unity, cultivating social cohesion, fostering understanding and tolerance toward differences, encouraging good governance, as well as promoting respect, protection and advancement of Human Rights in Indonesia;
- Economic and financial aspect: promoting sustainable economic growth and stability, improving competitiveness, enhancing science and technology capability, increasing national capacity in the effort of achieving national development, stimulating rise in national productivity and providing technical assistance, grant and other unbinding aids;
- Socio-cultural aspect: cultivating mutual understanding among nations, improving health and education, preserving local and national cultures, encouraging protection efforts of the rights of migrant workers as well as establishing national, regional and international stability;
- Humanitarian aspect: developing an early warning system in disasters-prone areas, enhancing capacity building in disaster management, supporting reconstruction and rehabilitation process in disaster areas, projecting Indonesia's positive image in front of the international community, and preserving environment as well as involving various parties in the efforts of environment preservation.
Indonesia's nomination for membership in International Organization is regulated by the Decision of Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Indonesia No.SK.1042/PO/VIII/99/28/01 concerning the Procedure of Re-nomination of Indonesia's Membership in and Contribution Disbursement by the Government of Indonesia to International Organizations.
The decision stipulates that in the event of agency's intending to nominate Indonesia for a membership in certain international organization, the said agency must submit written proposal to the Minister of Foreign Affairs, explaining the basis for respective nomination and the duties arisen from the said membership. The nomination then will be discussed by the Working Group of Reviewers of Indonesia's Membership in and Contribution of the Government of Indonesia to International Organizations. Discussion will heed the following:
- Benefits attained from membership in respective international organization;
- Amount of contribution should be paid based on the mutually agreed terms and calculation formula of respective organization;
- Similar scope and type of activity of Indonesia's membership in international organization;
- State financial capacity and non-governmental institution financial capacity.