Pacific Islands Forum (PIF) was established in 1971 with the name South Pacific Forum (SPF). PIF member countries includes 16 countries namely: Australia, Cook Islands, Federated States of Micronesian, Fiji, Kiribati, Marshall Islands, Nauru, Niue, Palau, Papua New Guinea, Samoa, New Zealand, Solomon Islands, Tonga, Tuvalu, Vanuatu.
Besides the permanent members, PIF has 13 dialogue partners, namely: the United States, China, Philippines, India, Indonesia, Britain, Japan, Canada, Korea, Malaysia, France, Thailand, and the European Union. Indonesia became a PIF dialogue partner since 2001.
Since 1989 Post Forum Dialogue (PFD) is a regular meeting of the PIF with its dialogue partner countries and organizations selected after meeting the leaders of the PIF. Since the merger of Indonesia as a PIF dialogue partner countries, Indonesia is never absent in the PIF-PFD meeting.
The importance of Indonesia as a member of PIF includes:
- Indonesia's participation in the PIF is part of an effort to reposition Indonesia’s foreign policy which has been giving more emphasis to the ASEAN countries and Western countries, towards look east policy.
- Indonesia's presence in the PFD-PIF meeting is part of an effort to get closer to the countries in the Pacific region, especially in order to maintain the integrity of the Unitary Republic of Indonesia.
- Indonesia's participation as a PIF dialogue partner can be utilized to improve the image of Indonesia in the international as well as to garner support for Indonesia in international fora.
The last meeting of the the PIF, which was the 41st and held on 4 to 5 August 2010 in Port Vila, Vanuatu, was attended by all members of the PIF countries, except Fiji whose membership is currently suspended. Four main issues under discussion in the meeting are Climate Change, Energy Security, Food Security and Fisheries. The meeting produced a final document, the Forum Communique, which puts together issues of concern and common interest.
The PFD 22nd meeting which followed the previous meetings covered three thematic issues of concern to Pacific region countries, namely: (i) Global Challenges, which focuses on global financial and economic crisis and climate change (ii) Strengthening Development Effectiveness and Coordination, which focuses on Tracking MDG Report and the effectiveness of development efforts in the Pacific region (iii) International Support for the Sustainable development of Pacific Island Countries, which focuses on the review of high-level meeting of the UN in September 2010, the MDG +10, and MSI+5.
In the meeting, Indonesia distributed written material in the form of Matrix Capacity Building Programs by Indonesia to the Pacific Island Countries (2008-2012) which contains information about the programs that have been, are and will be given to the PIF countries.PFD-PIF Ministerial Meeting in 2011 will be held in Auckland, New Zealand, in September 2011.