Asia Cooperation Dialogue (ACD) was launched by the Prime Minister of Thailand, Dr. Thaksin Sinawatra, in Cha Am Thailand on 18 to 19 June 2002.
Currently ACD has 31 member countries, namely Bahrain, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Brunei Darussalam, Cambodia, China, India, Indonesia, Japan, Khazakhstan, Republic of Korea, Kuwait, Laos, Malaysia, Mongolia, Myanmar, Pakistan, Philippines, Qatar, Singapore, Thailand, Vietnam, Russia, Iran, Saudi Arabia, Oman, Sri Lanka, UAE, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan and Kirgyztan which was accepted as members on the 7th PTM ACD in Astana, Kazakhstan, October 16, 2008.
ACD is an informal meeting of the Foreign Affairs Ministers of the Asian countries and serves as a forum for dialogue and exchanged views on international issues, regional and sub-regional common interest. The forum is also used as a vehicle to enhance mutual cooperation in various sectors. ACD is also expected to bridge the things that have not been included in formal cooperation that has existed in Asia so far.
ACD’s Field of Cooperation
Areas of Cooperation
Prime Movers and Co-Prime Movers
Bahrain, Indonesia, Kazakhstan, Qatar, China and the Philippines
Bangladesh, Cambodia and Vietnam
China, Pakistan and Kazakhstan
India, Kazakhstan and Myanmar
Asian Institute of Standards
Singapore, Sri Lanka
Republic of Korea
Science and Technology
Thailand, Cambodia, Myanmar and Pakistan
Human resource development
Japan and Qatar
Strengthening legal Infrastructure
India and Iran
Indonesia’s Role in ACD
Together with Bahrain, China, Philippines, Kazakhstan, and Qatar, Indonesia became co-prime movers of energy fields. As one of the co-prime movers Indonesia are actively involved in various activities in the areas of cooperation, among which are:
Along with Bahrain drafting the initial concept paper "ACD: Concept Paper on Energy Security" which has been filed in the Meeting of Prime Movers ACD on Energy Security in Manama in February 2003;
Together with Philippine, drafting the initial draft of ACD’s Plan of Action on Energy which has been filed in the Meeting of ACD Co-Prime Movers on Energy Action Plan in Bali in April 2007;
Being the host of the 1st ACD Energy Forum held in Bali on September 26 to 28, 2005, which produced the Joint Declaration of the 1st ACD Energy Forum;
Hosting the Meeting of ACD Co-Prime Movers on Energy Action Plan, which was held in Bali 11 to 12 April 2007, which produced the establishment of focal points of each of the countries in the energy sector with the aim to facilitate communication in the future, particularly to complete the Energy Plan of Action, the inter-sessional; and
Participate in the ACD Energy Cooperation Conference; Energy and Climate Change: Challenges and Opportunity in Bahrain, 26-27 November 2008. In the conference Indonesia was represented by Director of Renewable Energy and Energy Conservation, Ministry of Energy and Mineral Resources. Indonesia presented the material "Climate Change Issues and Its Implication on the ACD Member States" with a focus on energy and climate change linkages; implications of climate change on the ACD countries, and the steps that need to be performed by the ACD countries.
ACD’s Latest Development
1. ACD Ministerial Meeting was held in Tehran on 8-9 November 2010. In the meeting the ideas of the importance of identifying the areas back into the priority cooperation, as well as the need for connectivity between ACD with other regional organizations in Asia such as ASEAN, ECO, GCC and SCO were raised. ACD is also expected to encourage the formation of a Pan Asian Community, which has a high bargaining power for the discussion of global issues.
2. On February 28 - March 1, 2011 4th Asian Cooperation Dialogue (ACD) High Level Study Group (HLSG) which was conducted and resulted on the agreement on several things:
To develop a mechanism for review of areas of cooperation that have existed at this time.
To establish a Virtual ACD Secretariat in accordance with the recommendation of the 3rd HLSG in 2007.
To involve track II in ACD activities and plan India to hold track II meetings in 2011.
To establish a National Focal Point in each ACD member countries.
2011 Calendar of Events
Pakistan in PTM ACD in 2010 reiterated its commitment to host the 2nd ACD Energy Forum in the first half of 2011.
The 10th PTM ACD is planned to be held in Kuwait on 10-11 October 2011 preceded with the Troika meeting Committee and ACD Senior Officials Meeting (Prime and Co-Prime Movers Consultations) on 8-9 October 2011.
Roundtable meeting on Asian Credit Transfer System (ACTS) in Kuala Lumpur, 27 September 2011.