The Organization of the Islamic Conference (OIC) was formed after a conference of Islamic head of states in Rabat, Morocco on the 22 September 1969 which outcome was the Rabat Declaration which stated Islam as the bases of the organization, value of human rights and the UN Charter. The formation of the OIC was intended to increase Islamic solidarity among member states, coordinate cooperation among member states, promote peace and international security, protection of the Holy Sites of Islam, and the support of a sovereign independent Palestinian state. The OIC now consists of 57 Islamic states or states with a majority Moslems in the Asian and African region.
As an international organization which original concerns was focused on political issues, particularly Palestina, OIC has transformed into an international organization promoting international cooperation in politics, economy, social culture, science among Islamic countries in the world. To address these arising challenges member countries view the importance of reform in the OIC as a crucial process. Support towards this initiative of reform in the OIC is based on the fact that the structure and work of the OIC has been considered ineffective and inefficient. This issue has been addressed through series of meetings and discussions by the OIC member countries and finalization of term of reference (TOR) by the government of Malaysia.
The 10th OIC Summit in Putrajaya, Malaysia on the 11-17 October 2003, OIC has agreed to start concrete efforts in restructuring the OIC mainly in four aspects: structure efficiency, methodology, increase financial ability and human resources. The 3rd OIC Extraordinary Summit has accommodated those efforts and compiled them into the Mecca Declaration and OIC 10 Years Program of Actions which stresses the reformation and restructuring process of the OIC, also formulating the new OIC Statute which is planned to be carried out by the year 2015.
The OIC Ten Years Program of Actions was the start of development and change of the OIC which not only focused on political issues but also economic trade and cooperation. The OIC Ten Year of Action has focused on political and intellectual issues, social economy and developing issues which are expected to address the gap between the Ummah. In politics, in the next 10 years, OIC expects to be able to address several issues such as promoting moderation and tolerance, abolish extremism, violence and terrorism, against Islamophobia, increase solidarity and cooperation among member states, conflict prevention, conflict in the Southern Philippines, rights of Moslem minorities, and several critical issues in Africa.
The 11th OIC Summit which was held under the theme of "The Islamic Ummah in the 21st Century" produced the OIC Charter, final communiqué and several of resolutions. The Final Communique highlighted issues on politics, security, Palestine, Moslem minorities such as Kosovo, terrorism, economy, social cultural issues, law, and information technology. Resolutions have also been produced in issues pertaining global security: Resolutions on the Cause of Palestine, the City of al-Quds Al Sharif, and the Arab-Israel Conflict, Resolutions on Polictical Affairs, Resolutions on Moslem Communities and Minorities in Non-OIC Member States. The new charter emphasizes OIC commitment to explore alternative means of cooperation not only in the realms of politics.
During the 14th OIC Summit, President of the Republic of Indonesia in his speech expressed the support of the Government of the Republic of Indonesia in supporting the Ten Year Programme of Action which is a pragmatic reflection on OIC in dealing with the challenges and issues of the Ummah (b) Palestine-Israel conflict as the source of tension in the Middle East and also a challenge for peace and international security. The President of Indonesia has welcomed the results and outcomes of the Annapolis conference which resulted in a joint understanding of the support of a Palestinian state in the Middle East region by the year 2008. (c) The potential and capacity of member states of the OIC should be utilized to encourage the states to play a vital role in efforts in sustaining global peace and security, alleviation of poverty and acceleration of development.(d) Islam, democracy, modernization, and human rights are compatible. (e) Islam as religion which promotes peace and tolerance. Interfaith and inter-civilization dialogue should be supported and promoted to diminish misperception and fear towards Islam (Islamophobia).
The 35th Council of Foreign Ministers of the OIC in Kampala, Uganda highlighted the theme of "Prosperity and Development" which also marked the signing of the new OIC Charter by the Foreign Ministers, including Hassan Wirajuda the Minister of Foreign Affairs of Indonesia. Indonesia supports the ongoing process of revitalization of the OIC and expects the OIC to be more effective in addressing global challenges in accordance to the basic principles of the organization. As the country with the largest Moslem population, Indonesia has a responsibility to support the OIC to encourage good governance in the Islamic community and to promote OIC as a credible, competent international organization.
Indonesia's significant role in the OIC is facilitating the efforts of conflict resolution between the Government of the Republic of Philippines (GRP) with the Moro National Liberation Front (MNLF) with reference to the 1996 Peace Agreement. Indonesia has been elected as the chair of the OIC Peace Committee for the Southern Philippines (OIC-PCSP). OIC PCSP has managed to host Tripartite Meetings, the latest the 3rd Tripartite Meeting in Manila on March 2009 which reached a agreement to further peace process in the Southern Philippines to achieve peaceful conflict resolution in the region.
Furthermore in various international forums, including OIC, Indonesia has supported the creation of a independent Palestinian state in the middle east with Jerusalem as its capital. Realization of this support has been shown through diplomatically, with the recognition of the Palestinian National Council of the proclamation of independence on the 15th of November 1988. Support has further been shown by the Indonesian Government by beginning diplomatic relations with Palestine on 19 October 1989. Indonesia is also a member of the Committee of Al Quds (Yerusalem) that has been formed in 1975.
Terrorism has also been an important concern of the OIC. Commitment OIC to address issues on terrorism has been shown through The Extraordinary Session of the Islamic Conference of Foreign Ministers on Terrorism in Kuala Lumpur Malaysia in 1-3 April 2002 with outcome Kuala Lumpur Declaration on International Terrorism. This Declaration emphasizes the member countries position in efforts combating terrorism and the misperception of Islam and terrorism. Terrorism has become an issue where the OIC member states have fully supported a consensus in the UN General Assembly. This in accordance to the implementation of the UN Global Counter-Terrorism Strategy and the conclusion of the drafting of a international comprehensive anti terrorism convention where the definition of terrorism has yet to be identified. OIC has stressed the importance on differentiating the struggles of the Palestinian people for independence and acts of terrorism. OIC views that the peaceful resolution of the conflict in Palestine will contribute in abolishing the root cause of terrorism.