Indonesia and Counter-Terrorism

1/20/2016 Wednesday, January 20, 2016

Indonesia has conducted robust efforts to contribute in countering terrorism and a strong supporter for the measures to counter terrorism under the United Nations framework. In this regard, Indonesia has engaged in various cooperation with the United Nations Counter Terrorism Implementation Task Force (CTITF), the Terrorism Prevention Branch-United Nation Office for Drugs and Crime (TPB-UNODC), and the United Nations Counter-Terrorism Executive Directorate (UNCTED). Furthermore, Indonesia also undertakes efforts to implement the four pillars of the United Nations Global Counter-Terrorism Strategy (UNGCTS).

In 2010, Indonesia hosted the "Workshop on the Regional Implementation of the United Nations Global Counter-Terrorism Strategy in Southeast Asia", in cooperation with the UN CTITF. The result of the meeting has been reported at the ministerial level meeting at the "International Counter-Terrorism Focal Points Conference on Addressing Conditions Conducive to the Spread of Terrorism and Promoting Regional Cooperation", in Geneva in 2013.

The important role of Indonesia in countering international terrorism has also been acknowledged by the United Nations through the reelection of Indonesia as a member of the Advisory Board UN Counter-Terrorism Center (AB UNCCT) for 2015-2018.

Indonesia also underscores the importance of international law in countering international terrorism. In this regard, Indonesia has ratified 8 (eight) international conventions on counter-terrorism which strengthen its national legal framework,

In light with Foreign Terrorist Fighters (FTF) issue, Indonesia is a co-sponsor of the UNSC Resolution 2178 (2014), which urges states to conduct all necessary efforts, including the prevention of FTF recruitment and travel facilitation, border control, information sharing, as well as rehabilitation and reintegration program. Taking those into account, Indonesia has convened several regional workshops and international conference which involved many countries to share information and good practices, as well as the possibility to strengthen international cooperation on how to deal with this issue.

In addition to our continuous support at the United Nations, Indonesia also actively participates in the Global Counter-Terrorism Forum (GCTF), particularly as one of co-chairs of Southeast Asia Capacity Building Working Group (SEAWG) with Australia in 2011-2013, and continues to engage in the GCTF as the co-chairs of Detention and Reintegration Working Group (DRWG).  The establishment of this working group is proposed by Indonesia to strengthen capacity building for stakeholders who deal with the management of violent extremist offenders in the corrective services, as well as to address the need to share information and good practices on this issue. In this regard, Indonesia hosted the Inaugural Meeting of the GCTF DRWG in Bali on 12-13 August 2014 which has adopted the DRWG work plan for the period of 2014-2016. In addition to that, within the framework of DRWG, Indonesia also hosted the "Workshop on Capacity Building and Training for the Appropriate Management of Violent Extremist Offenders" in Medan on 8-9 April 2015. DRWG and Global Center on Cooperative Security (GCCS) have organized Workshop on Education, Life Skill Courses and Vocational Training for Incarcerated Violent Extremist Offenders" in Nairobi, Kenya, on 7-8 October 2015. Furthermore, Indonesia and Australia have organized Second Plenary Meeting of the GCTF DRWG in Sydney on 2-3 November 2015. This meeting mainly discussed on the prison management and security, rehabilitation and reintegration programs, as well as capacity building programs for corrective services.

Indonesia also contributes to the capacity building for law enforcement officers for the issue of terrorism and transnational crime. In this light, Indonesia has established Jakarta Centre for Law Enforcement Cooperation (JCLEC) in cooperation with Australia. Since its establishment in 2004, JCLEC has become a major center of excellence in the region by convening 768 training programs which involved 18.398 participants and 4.385 trainers from 70 countries.

Indonesia is committed to fully support in countering international terrorism, including its financing. In this conjunction, Indonesia actively participates as a member of Asia Pacific Group on Money Laundering (APG-ML), as well as serves as a member of Steering Group, representing Southeast Asia countries. By the virtue of Indonesia active diplomatic efforts, Indonesia has been delisted from the International Cooperation Review Group-Financial Action Task Force (ICRG-FATF). Furthermore, Indonesia through the Indonesian Financial Transaction Reports and Analysis Centre (INTRAC) has signed Memorandum of Understanding with Financial Intelligence Unit (FIU) from 48 countries to strengthen anti-money laundering and terrorism financing regime.

At the national level, Indonesia has a comprehensive strategy in countering terrorism which combines hard and soft approach. In terms of hard approach, Indonesia has issued Law No. 15 Year 2003 on Countering-Terrorism and Law No. 9 Year 2013 on the Prevention and the Suppression of the Financing of Terrorism. In addition to that, to strengthen the countering of terrorist financing, Indonesia has also issued Joint Regulation on Listing of Identity of Persons and Corporations in the List of Suspected Terrorists and Terrorist Organizations and Freezing, Without Delay, Funds Owned by a Persons or Corporations Listed in the List of Suspected Terrorists and Terrorist Organizations.

Indonesia also supports preventive measures by among other implementing UNSC Resolution 1267 (1999) and 1988 (2011) in accordance with Indonesian Law on Countering the Financing of Terrorism. By that, Indonesia has established Domestic Suspected Terrorist List based on Al Qaida Sanctions List and Taliban List for the assets freezing.

In terms of soft approach, Indonesia has conducted deradicalization and counter-radicalization programs. In this regard, Indonesia through its National Counter-Terrorism Agency has issued Deradicalization Blue Print as well as established Deradicalization Center for terrorist inmates. According to the Blue Print, deradicalization program includes rehabilitation, reintegration and reeducation for terrorist inmates by also empowering religious leaders and scholars as well as psychologists to provide counter-narratives.

(Directorate of International Security and Disarmament)