Country Profile and Cooperation

Poland

 

  I. COUNTRY PROFILE

Official Name

:

The country’s full and official name is Rzeczpospolita Polska, commonly abbreviated as Poland

Head of State

:

Acting President Bronislaw Komorowski (since 10 April 2010, replacing the position of President Lech Kaczynski who died when his airplane crashed in Russia)

Note: the accelerated presidential election was held on 20 June 2010. On the first round, Komorowski managed to grab the majority votes (41.54%) followed by Jaroslaw Kaczynski (36.46%).

Head of Government

:

PM Donald Tusk

Government Type

:

Parliamentary Republic

Population

:

38,463,689 (as of July 2010)

Total GDP

:

US$ 690,1 billion (2009)

GDP per capita

:

US$ 17,900 (2009)

Inflation Rate

:

3.4% (2009)

Bilateral Trade RI and Poland

       -   Total

-   Indonesian        Export

-   Indonesian Import

 

:

 

       2008                           2009             

US$ 344.45 million       US$ 332.98 million

 

US$ 274.13 million       US$ 259.73 million

 

US$   70.32 million       US$   73.25 million

Indonesia’s Main Export

 

:

imitation leather/ plastic/ PVC, electronic equipment, textiles and fibers and wood products

Indonesia’s Main Import

 

:

machineries and transportation equipment, military hardware, chemicals.

Visit(s) by Head of State/ Head of Government

-

 

-

 

-

Indonesian President Megawati Sukarnoputri visited Poland, from 22-24 April 2003

The Polish President Alexander Kwasniewski visited Indonesia, from 24-26 February 2004

The Polish PM Marek Belka visited Indonesia, from 2-4 July 2005. 

Last Visit by a Foreign Minister

-

 

-

  The Indonesian Foreign Minister Hassan Wirajuda visited Poland, from 22-24 April 2003

  The Polish Foreign Minister Dariusz Rosati visited Indonesia in 1997

Indonesian citizens in Poland

 

:

 

134 (as of January 2010)

Disaster Relief

:

The Polish government donated US$ 50,000 (through the Indonesian Red Cross), medical supplies and medical staff for the victims of tsunami in Aceh (2004) and earthquake in Yogyakarta (2006)

 

  

II.    BILATERAL RELATION

 a.  A Brief History concerning the Bilateral Relation

Diplomatic relation and bilateral cooperation between Indonesia and Poland has been going on since 1955. At the earlier stage of the relationship, Poland was providing military assistance to Indonesia, while Indonesia was sending thousands of its students to study in East Europe including in Poland. Poland sees Indonesia as one of the most important countries in South East Asia, with a large population, vast territory, and huge potential in economy as well as abundant natural resources, in addition to its role in ASEAN, OIC, Non-Aligned Movement and the UN.

   b. Cooperation and Political Relation

Indonesia and Poland have a strong bilateral relation with a vast potential for further development. The strong relation between the two nations is apparent from the exchange of visits by the high ranking officials from both countries; for example, the Indonesian President Megawati Soekarnoputri visited Poland in April 2003 and in February 2004, the Polish President Alexander Kwasniewski returned the favor by visiting Indonesia and followed later by a visit by the Polish PM Marek Belka in July 2005. From 8-18 May 2010, the former Polish President, H.E Lech Walesa went to Indonesia, his visit was organized by the Lech Walesa Institute (LWI). On 12 May 2010, during his presidential lecture entitled “Lessons from Democratic Changes in Poland and Eastern Europe and their Implications for the New World of the 21st Century”, H.E Lech Walesa met with the Indonesian President Dr. Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono at the Istana Negara Palace on 12 May 2010

On 6 June 2006, Indonesia and Poland signed the Agreement between the Government of the Republic of Indonesia and the Government of the Republic of Poland Concerning Co-operation in the Field of Defense in Jakarta. The document was signed by the Indonesian Minister of Defense and the Polish Minister for National Defense. The agreement states that the two countries agree to cooperate in exchanging military information, conducting joint search and rescue operation, exchanging training/officer training, cooperation in military technique, cooperation in defense technology and cooperation in the procurement of military hardware.

On 2 July 2005, Indonesia and Poland signed the Agreement between the Government of the Republic of Indonesia and the Government of the Republic of Poland on Cooperation in Combating Transnational Organized Crime and Other Types of Crime in Jakarta.

 

  c.   Economy, Trade and Investment Cooperation

The economic cooperation between Indonesia and Poland has developed quite well and there are still a number of potentials to pursue. Hence, the two countries are pushing for an improvement in the sectors such as agriculture, fisheries and marine as well as energy & mineral resources, and infrastructure.

According to the figures released by the BPS (the Center for Statistic Bureau), the trade between Indonesia and Poland is growing. From 2005 to 2009, the total value of the bilateral trade between the two nations is showing an average increase of 26.23% per year. In 2009, the trade value between Indonesia and Poland reached US$ 332.9 million, a drop of 3.3% from the figure in 2008 (US$ 344.5 million) with a surplus for Indonesia to the amount of US$ 186.5 million. From January to February 2010, the trade between the two countries reached US$ 51.7 million or increasing by 7% from the same period in 2009, where Indonesia’s export to Poland reached US$ 46.3 million while its import from Poland added up to US$ 5.4 million or a surplus of US$ 40.9 million for Indonesia.

Indonesia’s main exports to Poland are imitations leather/ plastic/ PVC, electronics, textiles and fibers and wood products. While its main import from Poland are machineries, transportation tools, military hardware and chemicals.

 d.  Socio-Cultural and Tourism Cooperation

To increase interpersonal contact between the two nations, from 1995 to 2009 the Indonesian government has awarded the Darmasiswa scholarship to 103 Polish students to enroll in Bahasa Indonesia and Indonesian Culture studies in a number of Indonesian universities for a period not more than one year. The two countries also signed an agreement on Indonesian and Polish Cultural Exchange Protocol for the Year 2008-2011. The said protocol stipulates that the Polish government will provide scholarships to two Indonesian every year. However, the Polish government has yet to provide the operational procedure for the protocol implementation.

It is also worth mentioning that KOPEX S.A, a Polish company will grant scholarships to 2-3 Indonesian students to pursue master’s degree in mining engineering in addition to the cooperation between Indonesian and Polish university, one of which is the cooperation between Gajah Mada University and Jagiellonian University.