Indonesia and the European Union have signed the Framework
Agreement on Comprehensive Partnership and Cooperation (or the Partnership and
Cooperation Agreement/PCA for short) in 2009. The PCA was ratified by both
sides in 2014 and entered into force in May 2014. The PCA has become umbrella
instrument that covers various aspects of bilateral cooperation.
The first ever
Joint Committee under the EU-Indonesia Partnership and Cooperation Agreement
(PCA) met in Brussels on 28 and 29 November 2016. The meeting was jointly
opened by EU High Representative for Foreign and Security Policy and
Vice-President of the European Commission Federica Mogherini and Minister for
Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Indonesia Retno Marsudi.
EU relations also reached a special milestone when President Joko Widodo
visited Brussels on 21 April 2016 and met all three presidents of the EU
institutions. The principals agreed to elevate relations through increased
Even before the
establishment of the PCA, Indonesia and the EU have already enjoyed cooperation
in various fields. Political security cooperation has taken form in activities
and dialogue aimed at counter-terrorism and deradicalization, maritime
security, drug prevention, fighting trans-national crime and cross-border
crime, anti-corruption, peacekeeping and peace building, disaster management.
In the field of
human rights, Indonesia and the EU have established a formal dialogue that was first held in 2009. The 6th
dialogue held in June 2016 was the latest in the series and discussed issues
related to access to justice, sentencing policy, migration, fighting against
violent extremism, disability rights, minority rights, as well as human rights
- Indonesian Interfaith Scholarship
The Government of Indonesia, through the Ministry of Religious Affairs and the Embassy of Indonesia in Brussels, has launched the Indonesian Interfaith Scholarship for EU policy makers and practitioners since 2012. The scholarship was organized in 2012, 2013 and 2015.
Through this program, participants who come from the European Parliament, EEAS, media, and civil society spend a couple of weeks visiting Indonesia. They experience firsthand living in Indonesia's pluralistic communities. The scholarship is expected to resume this 2017.
- Forest Law Enforcement Governance and Trade Voluntary Partnership Agreement
To combat illegal logging and promote sustainable forestry, Indonesia and the EU have signed the Forest Law Enforcement Governance and Trade Voluntary Partnership Agreement (FLEGT-VPA) in 2013. The Agreement entered into force in May 2014 and after many stages of preparation, the FLEGT was implemented on 15 November 2016.
With FLEGT, Indonesia's legal wood certification system is recognized by the EU and Indonesian wood exports may enter EU ports through the green lanes without due diligence. Indonesia is the first country in the world to have fully implemented the FLEGT with the EU.
- Comprehensive Economic Partnership Agreement
Indonesia and the EU have launched negotiations for a free trade arrangement entitled the Comprehensive Economic Partnership Agreement (IEU CEPA). The first round of negotiations was held in Brussels in September 2016. The second round was held in Bali in January 2017, the third round took place in September 2017 and the fourth round was in February 2018.
When concluded, the IEU CEPA would combine the markets which total more than 700 million in population. This agreement is expected to increase exchanges in goods, services and investment, bringing mutual prosperity for both sides.