Bilateral relations commenced in July 1952. The Swiss priority to the issue of human rights, democracy and good governance do not interfere with Indonesia because the two nations are always grounded in the principle of mutual respect and appreciation. Indonesia against Swiss interests lie in the country's political attitudes are neutral and in the economic field, especially in investment and trade.

Switzerland pays special attention to the development and progress made by Indonesia, by making one of the seven priority countries (along with Vietnam, Egypt, Ghana, South Africa, Columbia and Peru) for the period 2009-2012 as a strategic partner of Switzerland in the development of economic cooperation , trade, investment and development.