and Nigeria have a long history of friendship and similarities.
Bilateral ties between two countries were established in 1965 when the Indonesian Embassy was inaugurated in Lagos. The Nigerian Embassy in Jakarta was established in 1976.
the diplomatic relations established in 1965, the relations of the two
countries continue to robust and flourish. Nigeria and Indonesia enjoy
warm, friendly and cordial relations based on mutual respect and
understanding. Both countries share common views and interest at various
international fora, suc as the Non-Aligned Movement, World Trade
Organization (WTO), Organisation of Islamic Cooperation (OIC) and
Developing Eight Countries (D8) and other international organisations.
was the first Sub-Saharan African country that established diplomatic
mission inIndonesia. Indonesia recognizes the important role played by
Nigerian in Sub-Saharan region and has made Nigeria as its gate to West
and Central Africa. The IndonesianEmbassy in Abuja is also accredited to
Ghana, Liberia, Burkina Faso, Benin, Cameroon,Cape Verde, Republic of
Congo, and Togo.
There have also
been an exchange of visits at the highest level, by former President
Abdurrahman Wahid who visited Nigeria in 2001 and former President
Olusegun Obasanjo who visited Indonesia three times in 2001, 2005 and
2006. President Umaru Musa Yar'adua and President Susilo Bambang
Yudhoyono of Indonesia met in New York in 2007 and agreed to strengthen
further economic relations between the two countries by increasing trade
and encouraging investment. In February 2013, President of Indonesia,
Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono visited Abuja accompanied by 99 businessmen to
strengthen trade relations, and met Nigerian President Goodluck
Jonathan. For the return, Nigeria`s president Goodluck Jonathan plans to
visit Indonesia in November 2013.
are similarities exist between Nigeria and Indonesia, even though they
are separated far away and situated in different continent. These two
great countries have abundant natural resources with enormous
population. Nigeria is among the largest exporter of crude oil and
Indonesia has vast forests covering many of its islands.
is composed of more than 250 ethnic groups with more than 500 local
dialects and Indonesia also has the same amount. Nigeria, not only has
many ethnic groups but also have a population that embraces two major
world religions namely Christianity and Islam, and Indonesia as well as
such. Another similarity is that both countries were colonized by
Western countries and has fought tenaciously to its independence.
Nigeria gained her independence on October 1, 1960 and Indonesia
proclaimed her independence on August 17, 1945. This year, Indonesia
becomes 68 years and this is the time to engage deeper with its brother
Nigeria. At the age of 68, Indonesian peoples have a very high interest
to continue to enhance cooperation with Nigerian peoples.
the Federal Government of Nigeria is implementing Nigeria Vision
20:2020 with coordinated implementation plan which brings the Nigerian
economy moves forward and Indonesian government has also initiated
Master Plan for the acceleration and expansion of Indonesia Economic
Development 2011-2025 (MP3EI). The two countries has the same interests
to improve their economy by an acceleration program that emphasising on
building the infrastructure such as road networks, bridges, seaports and
In March 2007,
Nigeria’s Economic and Financial Crime Commission (EFCC) and Indonesia’s
Corruption Eradication Commission (KPK) signed a Memorandum of
Understanding on cooperation between the two anti-corruption
commissions. In the same year, President Umaru Musa Yar’adua met
Indonesia’s President, Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono in New York and both
leaders agreed to give a boost the relation of the two countries.
2010, Nigeria and Indonesia signed Memorandum of Understanding on
Bilateral Joint Commission. This Commission has the purpose to promote
relations in five keys areas of shared mutual interest and is focuses on
economy, investment, trade, culture and technical cooperation that will
be the basis for further engagement beyond the political and diplomatic
relations and later become another frame work agreement for economic,
investment and trade, cultural exchanges and technical cooperation. The
Joint Commission was followed by the signing of Memorandum of
Understanding on Agricultural Cooperation.
the signing of the documents, the agriculture sector becomes our
emphasis of cooperation. The Indonesian Embassy has organising some
agricultural training that came to Indonesia to learn and develop their
skills on agriculture and take advantages of the Indonesia’s experience
on agriculture. This programme is in line with the President Goodluck
Jonathan’s programme to develop Nigeria’s agriculture sector and on the
end of the day, Nigeria would be able to reduce food imports and become a
has successfully managed to diversify its economy from agricultural to
manufacturing. More than 70 per cent of Indonesian economy was formerly
agriculture and currently reduced to only 40
per cent, even though the Indonesian Government still pays attention to
agriculture. Indonesia has managed to make the
sector as a creative industry. Indonesia farmers produce cassava not as
a main crop and from the cassava we have been able to process them into
various kinds of snacks.
two countries on February 2013 signed multi-billion long-term agreements
on airlines and aircraft maintenance. The agreement and contracts are
between Garuda Maintenance Facility Aeroasia, Indonesia, with its
Nigerian counterparts, including Kabo Air, Max Air,Silverback Africa,
Hak Air, and Service Air Ltd
also has the interest to partner with Nigeria on trade and investment.
Nigeria is Indonesia's second largest trade partner in Africa after
South Africa, In 2011 the trade value reached US$2.09 billion accounted
for 21.66 percent of Indonesia's total trade with Africa. In
the bilateral trade volume between the countries hits $3.18 billion,
representing an increase of 50 percent. The trade volume expected to
reach $5 billion by 2015. Both countries would work together to double
the trade volume by 2015. Nigeria and Indonesia will come up with
strategic and implementable action plans to ensure that both countries
leverage the cordial bilateral trade relationship to boost trade and
increase Foreign Direct Investment (FDI). Just this February,
Indonesia-Nigeria bilateral trade meeting and business luncheon was held
There are over 15
Indonesian companies currently operating in Nigeria such as Indorama,
Indofood, Kalbe Farma and Sayap Mas Utama. Indofood for example had
instant noodle factory in Nigeria since
1995 where Indomie has become a popular brand and have the largest
instant noodles manufacturing plant in Africa. The two countries also
planning a US$2.5 billion gas methanol and fertilizer plant in Nigeria
with Pertamina of Indonesia and NNPC of Nigeria in collaboration with
Eurochem Indonesia and Viva Methanol of Nigeria.
main exports to Nigeria include oils, paper products, pharmaceuticals,
automotive parts, soaps and electronic products while Nigeria exports
petroleum products, cotton and leather raw materials to Indonesia.
Current Indonesian Government under President Yudhoyono, Indonesia has
successfully maintained economic growth at average of above six percent.
In 2012, Indonesia’s economic growth reached 6.23 per cent. Nigeria
also experienced high economic growth since 2010 after economic policies
aimed at growth consistently applied.
year, there are some groups of Nigerian businessmen to visit Indonesia
to explore the potential of existing business in accordance with their
respective business areas to further develop into a profitable venture.
Many Indonesian businessmen are seeking partners in Nigeria about
creative economy. Creative economy is expected to increase income
through utilisation of goods that are available around us. Indonesian
Government has also set up a
25 July 2013, in Jakarta, Indonesia and Nigeria held the Inaugural
Session of the Joint Commission for Bilateral Cooperation Meting to
follow up their agreement on the establishment of the commission for the
cooperation between the two countries signed in New York in September
2010. The Session was preceded by a Senior Officials’ Meeting, attended
by representatives of relevant Ministries and Government agencies from
The meeting led
jointly by foreign minister Marty Natalegawa and his Nigerian
counterpart Olugbenga Ashiru was held to discuss the follow up of
bilateral commitments made during the state visit of President Susilo
Bambang Yudhoyono on February 2-3 in this year.
Ministers shared their common view that given the two countries’
commonalities, such as huge economic potentials and complementarities,
shared ideals and political outlooks, as well as strong sense of
determination and responsibility for international causes, relations
between Indonesia and Nigeria constitute partnership. The commitments
include increasing the two countries` bilateral relations in various
fields including politics and security, trade, investment and
social-culture. In the meeting the two ministers also exchanged views on
various global and regional issues. (RS/Ind.Emb.Abj)