KYRGYZ REPUBLIC

kyrgyzstan_sm_2016.gif

COUNTRY PROFILE KYRGYZSTAN

(as October 2016)

BASIC INFORMATION (GENERAL INFORMATION)

Official Name Country

Republic of Kyrgyzstan

Form of state

Republic

Capital city

Bishkek

An area

199 951 km2

(World Bank)

Total population

5.957 million inhabitants

(World Bank 2015)

National anthem

"Kyrgyz Respublikasynyn Mamlekettik Gimni" (National Anthem of the Kyrgyz Republic)


Religion

Islam (75%), the Russian Orthodox (20%), Others (5%)


Language

Kyrgyz 71.4% (state language),Uzbeks 14.4%, Russia 9% (official language since December 2001), other 5.2%.


Currency

1 US $ = 68.27 Kyrgyz Som / KGS

(October 25, 2016)

Independence / National Day

August 31 (1991)

(Independence Day of the Soviet Union)

Government system

Presidential-Parliamentary

(June 27, 2010 national referendum result)

Name of Head of State

President Almazbek Atambayev Sharshenovich

(December 1, 2011)

Name of Head of Government

Prime Minister

Sooronbai Sharapovich Jeenbekov

(13 April 2016)

Behalf of the Minister of Foreign Affairs

Erlan Bekeshovich Abdyldaev

(September 6, 2012)

Name Ambassador of Kyrgyzstan to RI

Concurrently through the Embassy of Kyrgyzstan in Kuala Lumpur

Batyrkan Esenkanovich Syrgabaev - Charges d'Affaires


Name of the Ambassador to Kyrgyzstan

Anak Agung Gde Alit Santhika

(Submission of Letters Credentials to President Almazbek Atambaev date. March 11, 2015)

GDP (official exchange rate)

US $ 6.6 billion (2015)


GDP per Capita

US $ 1,197 (2015)


Main Export Commodities

Gold, cotton, wool, garment, meat, mercury, uranium, shoes.


Major Import Commodities

Oil, gas, machinery and equipment, chemicals and food


Kyrgyzstan's membership in the Forum Regional / International

ADB, CICA, CIS, CSTO, EAEC, EAEU, EAPC, EBRD, ECO, EITI (compliant country), FAO, GCTU, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC (NGOs), ICRM, IDA, IDB, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS , ILO, IMF, Interpol, IOC, IOM, IPU, ISO (correspondent), ITSO, ITU, MIGA, NAM (observer), OIC, OPCW, OSCE, PCA, PFP, SCO, UN, UNAMID, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO , UNISFA, UNMIL, UNMISS, UNWTO, UPU, WCO, WFTU (NGOs), the WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO.


flag of Kyrgyzstan

Predominantly red in color with a picture of a yellow sun with 40 rays right in the middle depicting the 40 tribes in Kyrgyzstan; the sun seemed opposite and clockwise. Right in the middle of the sun there is a red ring with three transverse, a symbol that is presented to "yield" - the crown of traditional Kyrgyz tent; red symbolizes the "courage", while the sun shows peace and prosperity


etymology Kyrgyzstan

Kyrgyzstan name is a combination of Turkish "Kyrg" (forty) and "-yz" (tribe) with the suffix "Stan" (bhs, Persian) meaning "land / country". Kyrgyzstan means the state with 40 tribes, referring to the uniting of the 40 clans / tribes in Kyrgyzstan by the Kyrgyz legendary hero, MANAS


Geography:

Area:

Central Asia, in the eastern part bordering China, in the southern part bordering Tajikistan, in the west with Uzbekistan, and in the northern part bordering Kazakhstan.

coordinates:

41 00 N, 75 00 E

The area:

Total: 199.951 km2

Mainland: 191,801km2

Bodies of Water: 8,150 km2

87th largest country in the world

The division of administrative regions:

7 provinces (oblustar, singular - oblus) and 2 cities * (shaarlar, singular - Shaar); Oblusu Batken, Bishkek Shaary *, Chuy Oblusu (Bishkek), Oblusu Jalal-Abad, Naryn Oblusu, Oblusu Osh, Osh Shaary *, Oblusu Talas, Ysyk-Kol Oblusu (Karakol)

The length of the border

Total: 4.574 km2

Bordered by (4) states: China 1,063 km, 1,212 km Kazakhstan, Tajikistan 984 km and 1,314 km Uzbekistan

spacious beach

0 km (landlocked country)

Climate

4 seasons: summer, fall, winter, and spring.

Mainland

Most of the Tien Shan mountains to the valley

The Top

Jengish Chokusu, 7.439 m

lowest valleys

Kara Daryya, 132 m

Natural resources

Water, gold, coal, oil, natural gas, mercury, lead, and zinc

land use

Agricultural land: 55.4%; 6.7% of fertile land; permanent crops 0.4%; permanent pasture 48.3%; Forest:5.1%; Others: 39.5%

Irrigated

10.233 km2

politics:

Forms of State and Government Systems

Kyrgyzstan is a form of State of the Republic. Kyrgyzstan is a Presidential System of Government-Parliamentary (National Referendum results dated June 27, 2010).

 

Branches of Government

  • EXECUTIVE AGENCIES

The Head of State is the President elected through general elections with a six-year term and can only lead to one period only. Since the adoption of a parliamentary system of government of the National Referendum results June 27, 2010, authorized the President of Kyrgyzstan partially handed over to the Prime Minister and Parliament to create a balance of authority trias politica. Last presidential election on October 30, 2011 and the next election will be held in 2017.

Head of Government is the Prime Minister who was appointed by the President on the recommendation of Parliament. Candidates Prime Minister proposed by the majority political party or coalition majority in Parliament.

The Cabinet of Ministers proposed by the Prime Minister and approved by the President, but to the position of ministers of defense and security have been selected by the President.

The composition of the Cabinet of Government of Kyrgyzstan:

  • Prime Minister, Sooronbay Sharapovich Jeenbekov;
  • Deputy First Prime Minister, Mukhammetkaly Abulgaziev;
  • Deputy Prime Minister for Economic Affairs, Oleg Pankratov;
  • Deputy Prime Minister of Social affairs, Gulmira Kudaiberdieva;
  • Foreign Minister Erlan Bekeshevich Abdyldaev;
  • Interior Minister Melis Toktomambetovich Turganbaev;
  • Minister of Justice, Jyldyz Jeyenbaevna Mambetalieva;
  • Minister of Finance, Adylbek Aleshovich Kasymaliev;
  • Minister of Economy, Arzybek Kozhoshev;
  • Minister of Agriculture and Land Reclamation, Turdunazir Bekboev;
  • Minister of Transport and Communications, Zamirbek Aydarov;
  • Minister of Emergency Situations, Kubatbek Aiylchievich Boronov;
  • Minister of Education and Science, Elvira Kubanychbekovna Sarieva;
  • Minister of Health, Talantbek Abdullaevich Batyraliev;
  • Minister of Culture, Information and Tourism, Altynbek Maksutov Askarovich;
  • Minister of Social Development, Kudaybergen Bazarbaevich Bazarbayev.

  • LEGISLATIVE INSTITUTIONS
    Jogorku Kenesh of Kyrgyzstan parliament or unicameral system adopted by the number of MP 120 (with no single party may gain 65 seats in accordance Referendum dated June 27, 2010). Members of Parliament are directly elected in national elections with proportional voting for the past 5 years.Parliament may be dissolved by the President in accordance with provisions in the Constitution that if it can not approve the program, structure and composition of the government, and the President may propose new parliamentary elections acceleration. Parliament can not be dissolved if a state of emergency. If Parliament is dissolved, the legislative authority transferred to the President within not more than one year.

Last parliamentary election date of October 4, 2015 and the next election will be held in 2020.

  • INSTITUTE OF jUDICIARY
    Kyrgyz justice system in the Constitutional Court; Supreme Court; The High Court of Arbitration, and the District Court (District Court, Bishkek City Court, District Court, City Court and Military Court). The Constitutional Court holds the highest judicial power and protector of the Constitution of the Kyrgyz. The Supreme Court comprises nine members, namely: Chairman, Vice-Chairman and seven Supreme Court Justices.The Supreme Court is the highest judicial institution in the field of civil, criminal and administrative.Attorney General set the Regional Court, Bishkek City Court, District Court, City Court and the Military Court.Members of the Constitutional Court, Supreme Court and the High Court of Arbitration proposed by the President and confirmed by Parliament. The term of office of the Constitutional Court is 15 years while the Supreme Court and the High Court of Arbitration of 10 years.Civil law system in Kyrgyzstan adheres to the legal system of France and the Russian Federation.

Economics:

In the economic field, in 2015, according to data from the Ministry of Finance of the Republic of Kyrgyzstan, Kyrgyzstan's GDP growth in the range of 3.1% with a volume of US $ 373.1 billion Soum (about US $ 4.92 billion). Though smaller than the GDP growth in 2014 of 3.6%, but the value is better than the government forecast in the range of 2%.

The strengthening of the US dollar, as well as the policy of Kazakhstan to implement the system on a free floating currency exchange rate Tenge cause Soum Kyrgyz currency weakened. In early 2015, the Kyrgyz Soum exchange rate against the dollar was approximately 58.9 Soum per US dollar. At the end of the year, the exchange rate against the US dollar Kyrgyz Soum in the range of 75.9 Soum per US dollar, depressed by about 25%. At present (October 2016), the exchange rate against the US dollar Soum Kyrgyz ranges from 68 Soum per US dollar.

To address the decline in the exchange rate of 22.39% Soum Kyrgyz, Kyrgyz Central Bank intervened by selling the US dollar and interest rate cut from 11% to 10%. As of the end of the year, Kyrgyzstan Central Bank intervened by selling US dollars amounting to US $ 90.52 million to the market.

A stronger US dollar exchange rate and currency terdevaluasinya countries Kyrgyzstan trading partners such as Russia, Kazakhstan and China, also affect the volume of trade of Kyrgyzstan. In 2015, Kyrgyzstan's foreign trade decreased by 13.5%. Exports declined 5.3% while imports decreased by 21.8%. Some products are experiencing a decline in exports include textiles (1.9-fold), vegetables and fruits (1.7-fold), milk and derivative products (14.4%) and cotton (4.5%) , As for products that reduced imports: wood (2-fold), clothing (1.7 times), fertilizers (1.7-fold), meat (26%) and oil (18.1%).

Nonetheless, the Government of Kyrgyzstan still recorded some achievements in the economy during 2015, including the presence of a surplus in the state budget of 1.2 billion soms (approximately US $ 15.8 million) derived from the amount of tax revenue, an increase in the number of crops and job creation ,

To harvest, according to the Ministry of Agriculture of the Republic of Kyrgyzstan, as much as 95% of the fields and plantations are planted with wheat produce 679.5 thousand tons, 643 thousand tons of vegetables, increased by 101 thousand tons compared to last year, 221 thousand tons of melon fruit increased 21 thousand tons of last year, and 400 thousand tons of potatoes.

As for job creation, in 2015 the Kyrgyz government managed to open 10 thousand jobs. The majority of available jobs are in the services sector (25 per cent) and construction (22 percent), followed by agriculture (17 percent), manufacturing (13 percent), trade (10 percent), and others (13 percent) .A € <

GDP (Purchasing Power Parity)

US $ 6.6 billion (2015)

GDP Per Capita

US $ 1,197 (2015)

Economic growth

3.5% (2015)

Leading industry

Gold, textiles, food processing, cement, earth metals.

Main export

Gold, cotton, wool, garment, meat, mercury, uranium, shoes.

Main Export Destinations

Switzerland 26%, 22.6% Uzbekistan, Kazakhstan 20.8%, UAE 4.9%, Turkey 4.5%, Afghanistan 4.5% and Russia 4.2% (2015)

Main imports

Oil, gas, machinery and equipment, chemicals and food

Originally Main Imports

China 56.4%, Russia 17.1%, Kazakhstan 9.9% (2015)

Inflation

8.3% (2015)

Free Trade Agreement

Commonwealth of Independent States Free Trade Area (CISFTA)

BILATERAL RELATIONS WITH INDONESIA

Relationship status

Diplomatic relations since 1993

Bilateral Forum

Bilateral consultations

Bilateral agreements

12 Documents

State visit

President Askar Akayev visit to Indonesia in July 1995

Foreign Ministers Meeting

The bilateral meeting on the sidelines of the OIC to the KTM-43 in Tashkent, October 18, 2016

Meeting of High-Level Officials

First Meeting of the Bilateral Consultation RIA € "Kyrgyzstan in Bishkek, Kyrgyzstan on 6 November 2015. The meeting was chaired by the Director General for Asia Pacific and African Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Yuri O. Thamrin and the Director General of the Department of Asian and African Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Kyrgyzstan, Zheenbek Kulubaev

Citizens in Kyrgyzstan

38 people (data Embassy in Tashkent per October 2016)

Politic:

The bilateral relations between Indonesia-Indonesia Kyrgyzstan begins with the recognition of the independence of Kyrgyzstan on December 28, 1991. The diplomatic relations between Indonesia and Kyrgyzstan marked by the signing of the Joint Communique on the Establishment of Diplomatic Relations between the Government of the Republic of Indonesia and the Government of the Republic of Kyrgyzstanon April 5, 1993 in Moscow. Kyrgyzstan accreditation territory held by the Indonesian Embassy in Tashkent since May 1994.

Until now, Indonesia and Kyrgyzstan have the basis of cooperation between the Parliament which began with the Protocol Cooperation Parliamentary RI-Kyrgyzstan in 1996, which improved with the signing of the MoU between the Parliament and the Jogorku Kenesh (Parliament of Kyrgyzstan) in Jakarta on July 13, 2011 , Indonesia and Kyrgyzstan also have bilateral mechanism in the form of bilateral consultations between the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Kyrgyzstan, which has carried out its first meeting in Bishkek on November 6, 2015. on that occasion, the MoU signed between the Education and Training Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Indonesia Diplomatic Academy of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Kyrgyzstan.

Indonesia also has a Honorary Consul (Honorary Consul) RI in Bishkek, Kyrgyzstan, Mr. Eduard Kubatov, a citizen of Kyrgyzstan, whose appointment was confirmed by Presidential Decree no. 51 / M of 2013 dated May 14, 2013.

Related support for the candidacy of Indonesia, the Government of Kyrgyzstan has given its support to the candidacy of Indonesia as members of the Administration Council of the Universal Postal Union (UPU) in the period 2017-2020.

Visits Head of State and High Officials

  • President Askar Akayev visit to Indonesia in July 1995;
  • Parliament Speaker Akhmatbek Keldibekov visit to Indonesia in July 2011;
  • Visit of Deputy Chairman of the House of Representatives in Bishkek November 2012;
  • Delegation of Parliament in order to attend the International Conference on the Role of Parliament in Advancing Public Policy against Corruption in Bishkek in June, 2014;
  • The visit of Deputy Foreign Minister of Kyrgyzstan, Erines Otorbaev, to Jakarta to attend the Commemoration 60 years KAA on 23-24 April 2015.
  • In 2016, there were high-level exchange of visits of delegations of the two countries that the delegation of the Constitutional Court attend the International Conference in Issy Kul, 8 to 11 June 2016, and the visit the Kyrgyz delegation led by Chief Justice of the Kyrgyz namely, HE Mr. Erkinbek Mamyrov attend the 3rd Congress of the Association of Asian Constitutional Courts and Equivalent Institutions in Bali, 8-13, 2016.

    Bilateral meetings
  • The bilateral meeting with the Minister of Foreign Affairs, Minister of Foreign Affairs of Kyrgyzstan on the sidelines of the 66th UN General Assembly, September 2011 in New York. At a meeting of the Agreement has been signed Visa Exemption for Holders of Diplomatic and Service Passports as well as the MoU Establishment of Bilateral Consultations;
  • The bilateral meeting between Wamenlu RI and Deputy Foreign Minister of Kyrgyzstan Erines Otorbaev on the sidelines of the Asian-African Conference t Anggal 23 April 2015;
  • The bilateral meeting the Foreign Minister and Minister of Foreign Kyrgzystan on the sidelines of UNGA 70th date of October 1, 2015, in which both parties agreed to carry out a meeting Perama Bilateral Consultation RI-Kyrgyz in November 2015 and the formation of the Bilateral Joint Commission consultation forum of cooperation in the economic field and trade;
  • Meeting of the Foreign Minister and Minister of Foreign Kyrgzystan on the sidelines of the 13 th OICSummit and Ministerial Meeting in Istanbul, 12 April 2016;
  • Ri bilateral meetings Minister and Foreign Minister of Kyrgyzstan on the sidelines KTM OKI 43rd in Tashkent on 18 October, 2016.

    Agreements have been signed
  1. Joint Communique on opening of Diplomatic Relations between the Government of the Republic of Indonesia and the Government of the Kyrgyz Republic was signed in Moscow, 5 April 1993.
  2. Agreement between the Government of Indonesia and the Government of the Kyrgyz Republic on the Promotion and Protection of Investments was signed in Jakarta, July 18, 1995;
  3. Approval of Intergovernmental Republic of Indonesia and the Government of the Kyrgyz Republic on Economic and Technical Cooperation signed in Jakarta, July 18, 1995;
  4. Banking arrangements between Bank Indonesia and the National Bank of the Kyrgyz Republic signed in Jakarta, July 18, 1995;
  5. Joint Declaration On the Principles of Relations and Cooperation between the Republic of Indonesia and the Republic of Kyrgyzstan signed in Jakarta, July 18, 1995;
  6. Approval of Air Transport anara Government of Indonesia and the Government of the Kyrgyz Republic signed in Jakarta, July 18, 1995;
  7. Memorandum of Understanding between the Government of the Republic of Indonesia and the Government of the Kyrgyz Republic on Tourism Cooperation signed in Jakarta, July 18, 1995;
  8. Intent between the Office of Women's Ministry of the Republic of Indonesia and the members of Congress of Women of Kyrgyzstan on Increasing Women's Empowerment Cooperation signed in Jakarta, 22 April 1997;
  9. Memorandum of Understanding between the Council of Representatives of the Republic of Indonesia and the Supreme Council of the Kyrgyz Republic within the framework of the Inter-Parliamentary Enhancing Bilateral Relations signed in Jakarta, July 13, 2011;
  10. Memorandum of Understanding between the Government of the Republic of Indonesia and the Government of the Kyrgyz Republic on Bilateral Consultations was signed in New York, 23 September 2011;
  11. Agreement between the Government of the Republic of Indonesia and the Government of the Kyrgyz Republic on Visa Exemption for Holders of Diplomatic and Official Passports was signed in New York, 23 September 2011;
  12. Memorandum of Understanding between the Education and Training Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Indonesia and the Diplomacy Academy of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Kyrgyzstan earlier K. Dikambaev on Education and Training Cooperation Diplomatic signed in Bishkek, November 6, 2015.

Economics :

Bilateral trade between Indonesia and Kyrgyzstan

Period 2011- 2016

(Value: Thousand US $)

commentary

2011

2012

2013

2014

2015

Trend (%)

2011-2015

Jan-Jul

Perub. (%)

2016/2015

2015

2016

TOTAL TRADE

3933.1

4245.3

2238.9

1580.8

1834.8

-22.22

1051.9

1427.6

35.71

EXPORT

2497.3

2777.5

858.5

891.8

1049.9

-24.94

695.9

1162.6

67.05

IMPORT

1435.8

1467.7

1380.4

688.9

784.9

-17.83

356.0

265.0

-25.56

BALANCE OF TRADE

1061.5

1309.8

-522.0

202.9

264.9

0.00

340.0

897.6

164.03

The main export commodities of Indonesia to Kyrgyzstan

Palm oil, tea, non-woven textiles and motor vehicle spare parts.

RI main import commodities from Kyrgyzstan

Polycarbonates, polyester yarn, copper cables and polymer (polyurethane).

In the field of trade, according to the Ministry of Trade Statistical Data recorded trade volume between the two countries in 2016 (Jan-July) of US $ 1.43 million. This figure shows an increase over the same period in 2015 (US $ 1.05 million). As for 2015, bilateral trade volume reached US $ 1.83 million, an increase compared to 2014 were only US $ 1.58 million.

For Indonesian products exported include palm oil, coffee, tea, copra, food products, electronic products / computer, paper, furniture / rattan, car tires and organic chemicals. While the product is imported from Kyrgyzstan are cotton, minerals and small-scale machinery.

There are some export products of Indonesia to Kyrgyzstan that increases in value in the period 2014-2015 include: palm oil (100%), black tea (2.39%) and furniture of rattan (10.03%).

Some areas of potential for cooperation with Kyrgyzstan among others in the field of mining. Kyrgyzstan is rich in non-oil minerals, such as coal, gold, uranium, antimony, and a variety of rare-earth materials that are very valuable. In addition, agriculture, IT and communication, as well as the services sector also have an opportunity for cooperation.

  Social and Culture

Relations and cooperation in the socio-cultural field between Indonesia and Kyrgyzstan goes well and tightly. In the socio-cultural field, every year, since 2005, the Government of Indonesia to offer the program to students Darmasiswa Kyrgyzstan to learn the language and culture of Indonesia for 6 months and 1 year. Up to 2016, there were four students who participated in the program Kyrgyzstan Darmasiswa, ie one person in the academic year 2006/2007, two people in the academic year 2014/2015, and one person in the academic year 2015/2016.

Since 2011, the Government of Indonesia also offers a scholarship program KNB (Partnership Developing Countries) for the master's degree for citizens of Kyrgyzstan who want to learn a variety of disciplines in Indonesia. N Amun has been no interest from Kyrgyzstan, included for KNB bachelor degree program that started in 2013.

Gunadarma University, one of the leading private universities in Indonesia have also been cooperating with the Kyrgyz National University named after J. Balasagun (KNU). Currently, the KNU was looking for possibilities to cooperate with universities in Indonesia in conducting research.

Technical Cooperation

  • Kyrgyzstan is one of the priority countries to receive Capacity Building of the Government of Indonesia.
  • Ministry of Agriculture and the Islamic Development Bank (IDB) has organized a training programReverse Linkage on Strengthening of the Artificial Insemination of Livestock for 22 4th â € "October17, 2015 and training Reproduction Disorder Control for 10 participants from Kyrgyzstan January 16â € "February 5, 2016 at the Center for Artificial Insemination (BBIB) Malang.