Hubungan Bilateral Indonesia - Bulgaria

​Diplomatic relations between Indonesia and Bulgaria started with the negotiation in New Delhi between the Ministers Plenipotentiary of the two countries for establishing diplomatic relations. The agreement for establishing diplomatic relations had been published on September 20th, 1956. 

In 1958 the two countries took a first step in diplomatic relations through opening a mission in respective country, and since then both countries have been enjoying cordial political relations. During this period, in order to maintain diplomatic relations with Bulgaria, the Indonesian Government assigned the Indonesian Embassy in Moscow, at the time led by Ambassador Adam Malik, to cover Bulgaria, whereas Bulgarian Government assigned Hristo Dimitrov as Minister Plenipotentiary of the Bulgarian Representative in Jakarta on October 10th, 1958. 

Indonesia and Bulgaria agreed to upgrade the missions to level of Embassy on July 1960. As a follow-up, the Bulgarian government appointed Hristo Dimitrov, who presented his Credentials on September 9th, 1960, as Ambassador of Bulgaria in Jakarta. Meanwhile the Indonesian Embassy in Sofia was established on October 8th, 1962, headed by a Charge d’Affaires. 

To further improve diplomatic relations between the two countries, in 1961 the first President of the Republic of Indonesia, Soekarno conducted an official visit to Bulgaria and had a meeting with General Secretary of the Bulgarian Communist Party, Todor Zhivkov.

Since March 23rd, 1966, Ambassador Sutjipto Danukusumo became the first Indonesian Ambassador stationed in Sofia (for the period of February 1966 – May 1969). The incumbent Ambassador HE. Bunyan Saptomo serves as the 19th Indonesian Chief of Mission to Bulgaria. He delivered credential to the President of the Republic of Bulgaria Rosen Plevneliev, on April 20th 2012. 

In 1965, Bulgarian Foreign Minister Ivan Hristov Bashev visited Indonesia to further enhance the relationship between the two countries and the Indonesian Foreign Minister Adam Malik (1966-1978) reciprocated his counterpart’s courtesy by visited Sofia in 1975. Then, another Indonesian Foreign Minister Ali Alatas (1988-1999) also conducted an official visit to Bulgaria on May 3rd – 4th, 1994. 

In a level of Head of State, there was a meeting between President of the Republic of Indonesia Soeharto with his counterpart from Bulgaria, President Zhelyu Zhelev, in New York in 1995. President  of Indonesia, Abdurrahman Wahid met with Bulgarian President Petar Stoyanov in September 2000, during the Millennium Session in New York. 

The visit of the President of the Republic of Bulgaria Georgi Purvanov to Indonesia on 12-15 September 2003 by the invitation of Megawati Soekarnoputri, the then President of the Republic of Indonesia was the first visit by a Bulgarian Head of State to Indonesia. Both Head of States highlighted the need to enhance bilateral cooperation in the fields of politics, economy (particularly in trade, investment and tourism) as well as on the fields of science and education, energy, agriculture, defence, and culture. 

President Purvanov also visited the Indonesian Embassy on 5 January 2005 to express the sympathy and solidarity of the government and the people of Bulgaria to the government and people of Indonesia in relation to the Tsunami catastrophe that ravaged the Indonesian province of Aceh.

President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono had a meeting with President Georgi Purvanov on 25 October 2008, at the sidelines of the 7th ASEM Summit in Beijing, whereby both Head of States agreed that Indonesia - Bulgaria relations should be deepen and broaden, in particular on the economic sphere. 

On 26 September 2012, President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono had also a meeting with President Rosen Plevneliev, at the sidelines of the 67th annual session of the UN General Assembly on September 26th, 2012, which marked "a new stage in the development of bilateral relations"

President Plevneliev underlined that Bulgaria considers Indonesia among its key partners in Southeast Asia and appreciates its role in stepping up regional cooperation and integration with ASEAN. The two heads of state called for boosting trade exchange and expanding business ties. While, the Indonesian President noted that Bulgaria is stable and predictable partner, offering excellent possibilities for access to the EU market.

Bulgaria was among the States that provided support and recognition of Indonesia´s independence since its Proclamation of Independence on 17 August 1945. Indonesia and Bulgaria attach great importance to enhancing further cordial relations that exist between the two countries, particularly through economic cooperation.

Bulgaria sees Indonesia as a State that has been playing a major and important role in Southeast Asia and the Asia-Pacific region. Likewise, Indonesia sees Bulgaria as a member of European Union has also important role in South East Europe region. Cooperation on multilateral forum has also been mutually beneficial and marked by mutual support for candidacies in international organizations.

Indonesia and Bulgaria share similar experiences that encourage closer cooperation. Both countries have experience a transition towards democracy. Both are key players in each respective region in maintaining peace and stability, and situated in strategic geographical location. Indonesia is the largest and one of the founding members of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN), while Bulgaria has been a member of the EU since January 2007. Bulgaria has been playing an active role in the Eastern European region and the Black Sea regions, similar to the active and important role played by Indonesia in the Southeast Asian and the Asia-Pacific regions. In addition, both countries are blessed with rich cultural and historical heritage and both countries are proud of these.

The economic relationships and cooperation between Indonesia and Bulgaria, including trade, investment and tourism, have not reached their great potential, and there are still abundant opportunities for both countries to be further improved. According to the Indonesian Ministry of Trade statistics, in 2010 total trade between Indonesia and Bulgaria increased by 62.69 percent to US$.77.57 million. Although Bulgaria was affected by the European crisis, bilateral trade between the two countries in 2011 was still increased slightly by 3.20 percent to US$.80.05 million. 

Total trade in 2012 between the two countries stood at US$.76.20 million, decreased (-) 4.82 percent on a year earlier (US$.80.05 million). In this period, Indonesia exported goods worth US$.47.98 million, up 6.63 percent from a year earlier. Meanwhile, Indonesia’s import from Bulgaria on January – December 2012 recorded US$.28.22 million, decreased 19.51 percent from the same period 2011. 

Bulgaria has the potential to play an important role in bridging further Indonesian trade and economic relations to the EU market. Likewise, Indonesia has the potential to play similar role in bridging Bulgarian trade and economic relations in the ASEAN market, noting that the Bulgarian Embassy in Jakarta also covers Malaysia, Singapore, and Brunei Darussalam, and in addition the ASEAN Secretariat is situated in Jakarta.

Bulgarian Government policy in the aspects of culture as the same similarities with Indonesia, which most concern in maintaining and preserving the national culture. Moreover the Government and the Bulgarian people are most open and appreciate of the presence Indonesian culture, that often seen in every promotional activities that performed by the culture of Indonesian Embassy in Sofia. And the most important that both countries could improve in cultural sectors.

Like previous years, in order to bring the people of both countries ( people – to – people contact ), especially through the culture.The embassy had done a lot of promotion of indonesia culture in Bulgaria, such as dance, traditional music, and food of indonesia in Sofia and other cities. Some of indonesian dance group has aslo participated in dance festival / folklore in various cities in Bulgaria. In 2013, based on the data that 5 ( five ) of Indonesian dance group aslo participated in the festival. The embassy also supported by the presence of the dance group from the KBRI,pesona mawar nusantara ( PMN) , which is the biggest community of Bulgarian student. In cooperation with Kemdikbud RI and ISI Surakarta during 2013 has been assigned two lecture of dance from ISI Surakarta to teach dance at the Embassy in Sofia, Bulgaria.

In the Education sector, Indonesia actively participates in international competitions that held in Bulgaria every year, especially in mathematical competitions. In every competition also Indonesia team represented by the student from elementary, junior high and college student from the several school and university has received the medals and awards. The improvement of cooperation in eduction sector proved by the signing of the MOU on cooperational between the Medical University “ Prof.Dr. Paraskev Stoyanov with University Airlangga in Varna, Bulgaria (September 2013) and also the MOU between ISI Surakarta and the Academy of Dance, Music, and Art Plovdiv (August 2013).

In sector of culture, since 2009 has opened Indonesia class at the centre for Oriental Languages and Cultures ( that under the faculty of classical and modern philogy from Sofia University ‘St.Kliment Ohridsky’). Since the opening of the class KBRI and KEMENDIKBUD RI has brought 2 Indonesia lecture from University of Indonesia (October 2012 – January 2013) and from University of Mataram (October 2013 – January 2014) in the first smester in 2013 Indonesia language class have 25 student that mostly from Univeristy of Sofia and the rest other are from the outside of the campus.

The government of Indonesia as been offering the annual program called Darmasiswa that covered by the Kemdikbud, the Indonesia Arts Scholarship ( BSBI ) and also the scholarship for muslim students of Bulgria ( MORA). In 2013 KBRI has sent three of Bulgarian student to joint the Darmasiswa program, 2 of them from Bulgarian and 1 from Albania for the scholarship.
News from Indonesia in general about the political event, economy, social, cultural, tourism and other human interest. So far the Bulgaria mass media didn’t show a negative side of the Republic of Indonesia. Bulgaria is also quite active to proclaim the Embassy activity ( including the interview for muslim magazine and sega daily also Bulgaria National Radio with the Ambassador). 

In 2012 the Embassy has sent the Bulgarian journalist on the program of JVP. Meanwhile in 2013 there are two Bulgarian journalist that reporting in East Java in the end of August 2013 ( in collaboration with Budpar DKI Jakarta )​Diplomatic relations between Indonesia and Bulgaria started with the negotiation in New Delhi between the Ministers Plenipotentiary of the two countries for establishing diplomatic relations. The agreement for establishing diplomatic relations had been published on September 20th, 1956. 

In 1958 the two countries took a first step in diplomatic relations through opening a mission in respective country, and since then both countries have been enjoying cordial political relations. During this period, in order to maintain diplomatic relations with Bulgaria, the Indonesian Government assigned the Indonesian Embassy in Moscow, at the time led by Ambassador Adam Malik, to cover Bulgaria, whereas Bulgarian Government assigned Hristo Dimitrov as Minister Plenipotentiary of the Bulgarian Representative in Jakarta on October 10th, 1958. 

Indonesia and Bulgaria agreed to upgrade the missions to level of Embassy on July 1960. As a follow-up, the Bulgarian government appointed Hristo Dimitrov, who presented his Credentials on September 9th, 1960, as Ambassador of Bulgaria in Jakarta. Meanwhile the Indonesian Embassy in Sofia was established on October 8th, 1962, headed by a Charge d’Affaires. 

To further improve diplomatic relations between the two countries, in 1961 the first President of the Republic of Indonesia, Soekarno conducted an official visit to Bulgaria and had a meeting with General Secretary of the Bulgarian Communist Party, Todor Zhivkov.

Since March 23rd, 1966, Ambassador Sutjipto Danukusumo became the first Indonesian Ambassador stationed in Sofia (for the period of February 1966 – May 1969). The incumbent Ambassador HE. Bunyan Saptomo serves as the 19th Indonesian Chief of Mission to Bulgaria. He delivered credential to the President of the Republic of Bulgaria Rosen Plevneliev, on April 20th 2012. 

In 1965, Bulgarian Foreign Minister Ivan Hristov Bashev visited Indonesia to further enhance the relationship between the two countries and the Indonesian Foreign Minister Adam Malik (1966-1978) reciprocated his counterpart’s courtesy by visited Sofia in 1975. Then, another Indonesian Foreign Minister Ali Alatas (1988-1999) also conducted an official visit to Bulgaria on May 3rd – 4th, 1994. 

In a level of Head of State, there was a meeting between President of the Republic of Indonesia Soeharto with his counterpart from Bulgaria, President Zhelyu Zhelev, in New York in 1995. 

President  of Indonesia, Abdurrahman Wahid met with Bulgarian President Petar Stoyanov in September 2000, during the Millennium Session in New York. 

The visit of the President of the Republic of Bulgaria Georgi Purvanov to Indonesia on 12-15 September 2003 by the invitation of Megawati Soekarnoputri, the then President of the Republic of Indonesia was the first visit by a Bulgarian Head of State to Indonesia. Both Head of States highlighted the need to enhance bilateral cooperation in the fields of politics, economy (particularly in trade, investment and tourism) as well as on the fields of science and education, energy, agriculture, defence, and culture. 

President Purvanov also visited the Indonesian Embassy on 5 January 2005 to express the sympathy and solidarity of the government and the people of Bulgaria to the government and people of Indonesia in relation to the Tsunami catastrophe that ravaged the Indonesian province of Aceh.

President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono had a meeting with President Georgi Purvanov on 25 October 2008, at the sidelines of the 7th ASEM Summit in Beijing, whereby both Head of States agreed that Indonesia - Bulgaria relations should be deepen and broaden, in particular on the economic sphere. 

On 26 September 2012, President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono had also a meeting with President Rosen Plevneliev, at the sidelines of the 67th annual session of the UN General Assembly on September 26th, 2012, which marked "a new stage in the development of bilateral relations"

President Plevneliev underlined that Bulgaria considers Indonesia among its key partners in Southeast Asia and appreciates its role in stepping up regional cooperation and integration with ASEAN. The two heads of state called for boosting trade exchange and expanding business ties. While, the Indonesian President noted that Bulgaria is stable and predictable partner, offering excellent possibilities for access to the EU market.

Bulgaria was among the States that provided support and recognition of Indonesia´s independence since its Proclamation of Independence on 17 August 1945. Indonesia and Bulgaria attach great importance to enhancing further cordial relations that exist between the two countries, particularly through economic cooperation.
Bulgaria sees Indonesia as a State that has been playing a major and important role in Southeast Asia and the Asia-Pacific region. Likewise, Indonesia sees Bulgaria as a member of European Union has also important role in South East Europe region. Cooperation on multilateral forum has also been mutually beneficial and marked by mutual support for candidacies in international organizations.

Indonesia and Bulgaria share similar experiences that encourage closer cooperation. Both countries have experience a transition towards democracy. Both are key players in each respective region in maintaining peace and stability, and situated in strategic geographical location. Indonesia is the largest and one of the founding members of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN), while Bulgaria has been a member of the EU since January 2007. Bulgaria has been playing an active role in the Eastern European region and the Black Sea regions, similar to the active and important role played by Indonesia in the Southeast Asian and the Asia-Pacific regions. In addition, both countries are blessed with rich cultural and historical heritage and both countries are proud of these.

The economic relationships and cooperation between Indonesia and Bulgaria, including trade, investment and tourism, have not reached their great potential, and there are still abundant opportunities for both countries to be further improved. According to the Indonesian Ministry of Trade statistics, in 2010 total trade between Indonesia and Bulgaria increased by 62.69 percent to US$.77.57 million. Although Bulgaria was affected by the European crisis, bilateral trade between the two countries in 2011 was still increased slightly by 3.20 percent to US$.80.05 million. 

Total trade in 2012 between the two countries stood at US$.76.20 million, decreased (-) 4.82 percent on a year earlier (US$.80.05 million). In this period, Indonesia exported goods worth US$.47.98 million, up 6.63 percent from a year earlier. Meanwhile, Indonesia’s import from Bulgaria on January – December 2012 recorded US$.28.22 million, decreased 19.51 percent from the same period 2011. 

Bulgaria has the potential to play an important role in bridging further Indonesian trade and economic relations to the EU market. Likewise, Indonesia has the potential to play similar role in bridging Bulgarian trade and economic relations in the ASEAN market, noting that the Bulgarian Embassy in Jakarta also covers Malaysia, Singapore, and Brunei Darussalam, and in addition the ASEAN Secretariat is situated in Jakarta.

Bulgarian Government policy in the aspects of culture as the same similarities with Indonesia, which most concern in maintaining and preserving the national culture. Moreover the Government and the Bulgarian people are most open and appreciate of the presence Indonesian culture, that often seen in every promotional activities that performed by the culture of Indonesian Embassy in Sofia. And the most important that both countries could improve in cultural sectors.

Like previous years, in order to bring the people of both countries ( people – to – people contact ), especially through the culture.The embassy had done a lot of promotion of indonesia culture in Bulgaria, such as dance, traditional music, and food of indonesia in Sofia and other cities. Some of indonesian dance group has aslo participated in dance festival / folklore in various cities in Bulgaria. In 2013, based on the data that 5 ( five ) of Indonesian dance group aslo participated in the festival. The embassy also supported by the presence of the dance group from the KBRI,pesona mawar nusantara ( PMN) , which is the biggest community of Bulgarian student. In cooperation with Kemdikbud RI and ISI Surakarta during 2013 has been assigned two lecture of dance from ISI Surakarta to teach dance at the Embassy in Sofia, Bulgaria.

In the Education sector, Indonesia actively participates in international competitions that held in Bulgaria every year, especially in mathematical competitions. In every competition also Indonesia team represented by the student from elementary, junior high and college student from the several school and university has received the medals and awards. The improvement of cooperation in eduction sector proved by the signing of the MOU on cooperational between the Medical University “ Prof.Dr. Paraskev Stoyanov with University Airlangga in Varna, Bulgaria ( September 2013 ) and also the MOU between ISI Surakarta and the Academy of Dance, Music, and Art Plovdiv ( August 2013 ).

In sector of culture, since 2009 has opened Indonesia class at the centre for Oriental Languages and Cultures ( that under the faculty of classical and modern philogy from Sofia University ‘St.Kliment Ohridsky’). Since the opening of the class KBRI and KEMENDIKBUD RI has brought 2 Indonesia lecture from University of Indonesia ( October 2012 – January 213 ) and from University of Mataram ( October 2013 – January 2014 ) in the first smester in 2013 Indonesia language class have 25 student that mostly from Univeristy of Sofia and the rest other are from the outside of the campus.

The government of Indonesia as been offering the annual program called Darmasiswa that covered by the Kemdikbud, the Indonesia Arts Scholarship ( BSBI ) and also the scholarship for muslim students of Bulgria ( MORA). In 2013 KBRI has sent three of Bulgarian student to joint the Darmasiswa program, 2 of them from Bulgarian and 1 from Albania for the scholarship.

News from Indonesia in general about the political event, economy, social, cultural, tourism and other human interest. So far the Bulgaria mass media didn’t show a negative side of the Republic of Indonesia. Bulgaria is also quite active to proclaim the Embassy activity ( including the interview for muslim magazine and sega daily also Bulgaria National Radio with the Ambassador). In 2012 the Embassy has sent the Bulgarian journalist on the program of JVP. Meanwhile in 2013 there are two Bulgarian journalist that reporting in East Java in the end of August 2013 ( in collaboration with Budpar DKI Jakarta)​.