Albania

​ALBANIA IN BRIEF

 

Albania is a country in South-Eastern Europe, in the West of the Balkan Peninsula, between the geographical coordinates: 39 16' latitude and 42 39' longitude. Albania is almost midway between Equator and the North Pole, and covers a surface of 28.748 km2.

The overall length of the borderline of the Republic of Albania is 1094 km; out of which 657-km is land-border, 316-km sea-border, 48-km river-border and 73 km lake-border.

The Republic of Albania, on the North borders with Montenegro , on North-East with Kosova, on the East with Macedonia, and in the South and South-East with Greece.

On the West, Albania is washed by the Adriatic and Ionian seas.

The average altitude is 708 m, i.e. two times higher than that of Europe.

Albania is included in the humid sub-tropical zone of the Northern Hemisphere, and it belongs to the Mediterranean climatic zone.

Chromium, ferro-nickel, copper, coal, oil and gas are among the most important sub-soil minerals found in Albania.

 

Climate

Coastal areas: Central Mediterranean, mild and wet winter, hot and dry summer.

Alpine areas: Central Continental, cold and wild winter, wet summer.

 

Relieve

Lowland – Western Albania, Plain – Eastern Albania

Alpine – Northern Albania, The Highest Peak – Korabi Mountain (2,753m)

Coastal Line

362 kilometer

 

Population

3,364,571 (June 1999)

95% Albanian, 3% Greek and 2% various

Rate Of Population Increase

1,05% (1999)

 

Capital City

Tirana (since 1920)

 

Official Language

Albanian

Albanian is an Indo-European language and it represents a separate branch of this family on the bases of its idiosyncrasy.

The Greek geographer, Ptholemeous, has witnessed the existence of Albanians and Albanian language in the second century AD.

The name "Shqiperi" (Albania) replaced the "old" name "Arberi" (or Arbani) by the end of the XVII century, due to the new historical conditions created, and aimed at giving importance to the connection between the nation notion and the use of the Albanian language, which was by that time called "Shqip".

The first written document of the modern Albanian language is of the year 1462.The first literary book "Meshari" (Gjon Buzuku) was published in 1555, and from that time the Albanian language was greatly elaborated, especially during the period of the Albanian Renaissance, in two main dialects:

1) "Gegerisht", i.e. the dialect spoken in the Northern Albania, and

2) "Toskerisht", i.e. the dialect spoken in the Southern Albania.

The literary Albanian language has 36 letters and uses the Latin Alphabet, approved by the National Congress of Manastir in 1908.

The Albanian language is also used (written & spoken) in Kosova, Montenegro, Serbia and Macedonia, where ethnic Albanians live.

 

Political System

Parliamentary Republic

There is an one-room parliament and there are 155 deputies, who are elected, by general elections, once in four year.

 

The President of the Republic

Mr. Bamir Topi

 

The Chairman of the Council of Ministers/Prime Minister

Mr. Sali Berisha (Democratic Party)

 

The Government

State Coalition between the Democratic Party, Republican Party, Reformed Democratic Party, Human Rights’ Union Party, Agrarian Party.

 

Constitution

The new Constitution of the Republic of Albania was approved by popular referendum on November 28, 1998.

 

National Anniversary

November 28, 1912 (Independence Day)

 

Flag

The national flag of the Republic of Albania represents a black bicephalous eagle with open wings situated in the middle of a red background.

Emblem

 

Economy

Albanian economy is considered as Trade Economy in transition. The private sector occupies the major part of GDP. To be mentioned in the Strategy of the Albanian Economic Development for the years 2000-2003, are its overall structural reform according to the standards of the countries with a strong trade economy, the privatization of strategic sectors, and the stabilization of macro-economic indexes with the final goal to increasing of the investments through implementation of the Public Investments’ Program and attraction of Direct Foreign Investments. The close co-operation with international organizations such as: World Bank, International Monetary Fund and European Union, EBRD etc. are assurances for a steady economic development and termination of the transition stage. Whereas the implementation of the Stability Pact constitutes one of the main engagements of the Government for the social-economic development of the country with the final view to getting integrated in the Euro-Atlantic structure.

 

Natural Properties

Underground properties (Petrol, natural gas, chrome, coal, copper, iron-nickel, ores, marble stone); Considerable Hydro Resources; Considerable Areas of Woods and Pasturage (about 38% of the territory of the country). There are non-exploited resources in the fields of Tourism – Blue, Green and White Tourism.

Source: http://www.mfa.gov.al/ 

 

INDONESIA - ALBANIA RELATIONS

Diplomatic relations between Indonesia and Albania was established on 4 May 1994. Although the official diplomatic relations is still relatively young, both countries have been enjoying good political relations, including on multilateral forum. Albania participated in the Special Session of the Human Rights Commission on the situation of East Timor in Geneva, September 1999 as an observer. Albania supported Indonesia's bid for non permanent seat in the United Nations Security Council for the period 2007-2008.

Bilateral trade volume in 2002 reaches USD 1.79 million, but declined to USD 184,600 in 2005. In 2006 an increased in bilateral trade was registered to the level of USD 230,000. Rapid development in Albania provides opportunity for both countries to enhanced economic and trade relations.

Indonesia's diplomatic relations with Albania was previously covered by the Indonesian Embassy in Rome, before it was transferred to the Indonesian Embassy in Sofia. Ambassador Immanuel Robert Inkiriwang serves as the first Indonesian Ambassador to the Republic of Albania seated in Sofia.

 

INDONESIA - ALBANIA RELATIONS

Diplomatic relations between Indonesia and Albania was established on 4 May 1994. Although the official diplomatic relations is still relatively young, both countries have been enjoying good political relations, including on multilateral forum. Albania participated in the Special Session of the Human Rights Commission on the situation of East Timor in Geneva, September 1999 as an observer. Albania supported Indonesia's bid for non permanent seat in the United Nations Security Council for the period 2007-2008.

Bilateral trade volume in 2002 reaches USD 1.79 million, but declined to USD 184,600 in 2005. In 2006 an increased in bilateral trade was registered to the level of USD 230,000. Rapid development in Albania provides opportunity for both countries to enhanced economic and trade relations.

Indonesia's diplomatic relations with Albania was previously covered by the Indonesian Embassy in Rome, before it was transferred to the Indonesian Embassy in Sofia. Ambassador Immanuel Robert Inkiriwang serves as the first Indonesian Ambassador to the Republic of Albania seated in Sofia.

 

Bilateral Trade

Export and import to and from Albania

(non petroleum and gas products, in million USD)

 

 

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

(Jan-Oct)

Export

632,5

182,5

226,7

744,9

1.987,9

2.581,1

Import

69,2

2,1

3,2

405,3

545,3

863,7

Total

701,8

184,6

230

1.150,2

2.533,2

3.444,7

(up 105,94% from Jan-Oct 2008)

Source: Central Bureuau of Statistics Indonesia