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Country Profile and Bilateral Relationship

Saudi Arabia

Country Profile Kingdom Of Saudi Arabia
 

Introduction:

  • Name of state : Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (Al-Mamlaka Al-Arabiyah As-Saudiyah)
  • Capital City : Riyadh (1.600 sqm), inhabitant: 5,4 million (2001)
  • National Day : 23 September (in commemoration of the unity of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia by King Abdul Azis bin Abdul Rahman Al-Saud (the 1st King of Saudi Arabia) in 1932
  • National Anthem : Al-Salam al-Malakiy (Regards of the Kingdom)
  • National Flag : Green, with white Arabic writings
  • meaning: “There is no God but Allah and Muhammad is the messenger of Allah” upon a piece of sword with its end against the flagpole. (it is strictly forbidden for the flag to be raised half-mast).
  • National Symbol : A date tree in the center of two crossed swords. Date tree symbolize growth and prosperity, swords symbolize justice and strength as a basis of trust.
  • Language(s) : Arabic, English (spoken only in some big cities)
  • Religion : Islam. Predominantly Sunni. Shiah (5%), mostly in the eastern area (Qatif, Sayhat, Safwu, and Al-Hasa)
  • Ethnic Group : Arab (90%); Afro Asia (9%); others (1%)
  • Currency : Saudi Riyal (SR), since 1986 exchange value remained at US$ 1,-= SR 3,75; SR 1,-= US$ 0,266 = + Rp. 2.600,-. Bank notes (paper currency): SR 1, 5, 10, 50, 100, and 500. Coin (metal currency): 5, 10, 25, 50, and 100 Halalah. (100 Halalah = 1 Riyal).
  • Calendar : Islamic Calendar (Hijriah)
  • Holiday : Thursday and Friday. On Idul Fitr and Hajj most office closed generally for 2 weeks.
    Since 2005, the Government officially declared the 23 September as a national holiday.
  • Office hours : Government offices: 07.30 – 14.00; shopping center: 09.00 – 22.00. On Friday, shopping center usually opened after the Ashar prayer.
    Time : GMT + 3 hours, Indonesian western standard time (-4 hours). There are no time differences in all regions of Saudi Arabia.
  • Measurements and electricity : Metrics; 110/220V 60Hz.
  • Telephone codes : Country code (966); Area code: Riyadh (1), Jeddah/Makkah (2), Madinah (4).

 

Geography:

  • Location : Located in the Arabian Peninsula between Red Sea on the West (1.760 km) and Arabian Gulf on the East (560 km).
  • Area : 2.240.350 km2 (4/5 of the Arabian Peninsula) (about 17 times the size of Java Island which is about 132.107 km2).
  • Boundaries : Jordan (north-west); Iraq and Kuwait (north); Bahrain, Qatar, UAE, and Oman (east); and Yemen (south).
  • Borderlines : Jordan (728 km), Iraq (814 km), Kuwait (222 km), Qatar (60 km), United Arab Emirates (457 km), Oman (676 km), Yemen (1.845 km).
  • Landscape : Mostly consists of desert sands and rocks, highlands, and rocky mountains, no permanent rivers.
  • Climate : Different in each area. At the coastline such as Jeddah, the weather is usually hot and humid throughout the years (230 C-350 C). At the inland such as Riyadh, the weather is hot and dry. (May-September, 25-40 Celsius), and in the cold season (November-February, 10-20 Celsius)
  • Topography : Western region (the Hijaz) along the Red Sea coast consists of a series of mountains (including the two holy cities of Mecca and Medina, the port city of Jeddah, and Yanbu industrial cities). Southwest Region (Asir) is a lush highland (with the highest peak of 3000 m), lots of rain and cool weather. Southern areas are mostly unoccupied / Empty Quarter (one of the largest desert in the world which is uninhabited). The central region (Najd) consists of plateaus (including Riyadh). Eastern region is rich of oil resources (Al-Khobar, Dhahran, Dammam, and Jubail industrial city). At the northern region lies the Nafud desert.
  • Natural resources : Petroleum (25% of world oil reserves), gas (40% of world gas reserves), minerals (gold, silver, copper), non-metal minerals, and water (84% groundwater, 10% of water surface, 5% of sea water desalination, 1 % recycled water)
  • Main cities : Riyadh, Jeddah, Mecca, Medina, Yanbu, Jubail, Al-Khobar, Dammam, and Dhahran. (the Muslims holy city of Makkah Al-Mukkarramah and Al-Madinah Al-Munawwarah. In Mecca there is Masjidil Haram Mosque and in Medina there is Nabawi Mosque.
  • Population : 25 million inhabitants (2007 estimation) 22.67 million inhabitants (2004 census) with a population of non-Saudis as much as 6.14 million (27.1%) [77% live in urban areas and 23% in rural areas][Most populated areas are concentrated in three provinces: Makkah 25.6%; Riyadh 24.1% and the Eastern Region 14.8%]. [According to the Census of 1974 ± 7 million; in 1992: 16.9 million]
  • Labor force : Around 5.6 million people are working in the private sector. (12.8% Saudis; 87.2% foreigners). [Data: Ministry of Labor in 2006]

 

Politics & Government:

  • Forms of state : Monarchy (Kingdom).
    System of Government : Islamic state based on the Qur’an and the Shari’a.
  • Constitution : The Holy Qur’an and the Sunnah of Prophet Muhammad. In 1992 the Kingdom established the Basic Law of Government to regulate the system of government, rights and obligations of government and citizens.
  • Legal system : Based on Islamic law (Sharia) sourced from the Holy Quran and the Sunnah of Prophet Muhammad P.B.U.H.
  • Political parties : None.
    Head of State / Government : The King, concurrently as the Prime Minister and Commander of the Armed Forces
    • King Abdullah bin Abdul Aziz Al-Saud [Official Writing: The Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques, King Abdullah bin Abdul Aziz Al-Saud]. (Born in 1924, son of King Abdul Aziz. On August 1, 2005, King Abdullah bin Abdul Azis Al-Saud was appointed as king after the late King Fahd passed away. Instead of to be called as His Majesty, he then preferred to be called as: Khadimul Haramain Al-Syarifain/The Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques.
    • Deputy Prime Minister (PM) and Minister of Defense and Aerospace, and the Inspector General: Crown Prince Sultan bin Abdul Aziz Al Saud [His Royal Highness Crown Prince Sultan bin Abdul Aziz Al-Saud] (born 1928, brother of the late King Fahd. The ruling King Fahd, Prince Sultan served as Deputy Prime Minister II).
    • Deputy Prime II and Minister of Internal affairs: Prince Naif bin Abdul Azis (by decree of King Abdullah bin Abdul Azis, dated March 27, 2009). He was born in 1934. Political career: Secretary General of Riyadh Province (1952), Governor of Riyadh (1953), once served as Deputy Minister of Internal affairs for 5 years. As the events of terrorism hit Saudi Arabia in 2003, he was known as a very assertive character in maintaining state security. Prince Naif also regarded as the backbone of the implementation of the pilgrimage, where he chaired the High Committee of Hajj.

Royal succession mechanism:
In Article 5 Basic Law of Government, the royal power passed to the children and grandchildren of the most capable of the founder of Saudi Arabia, Abdul Aziz bin Abdul Rahman Al-Saud. [On October 20, 2006 King Abdullah has to amend this section by issuing a law that established royal succession institutions (allegiance Institution) which consists of the sons and grandsons of King Abdul Aziz Al-Saud. In the new provisions, the King has no longer obtained the full right to select the Crown Prince. King may nominate candidates for Crown Prince, but the King will be chosen based on the voting by the Succession Committee. In addition, if the King or Crown Prince remains incapacitated, the Committee will form the Council of Succession to the Provisional Government (Transitory Ruling Council) consisting of five people. These new provisions will apply after Crown Prince Sultan heired to the throne.]


Executive Board:
Council of Ministers (Council of Ministers / Majlis Al-Wuzara) consists of: PM (King serves as the chairman), Deputy Prime Minister, Ministers, Ministers of State, and King’s advisors. Council of Ministers meets every Monday to discuss government policies and evaluate their implementation. The Ministers’ term of duties are usually for 4 years can be extended.


[His Royal Highness Prince Saud Al-Faisal bin Abdul Aziz Al-Saud, the Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.


Legislative branch:
Consultative Assembly (Majlis Ash-Shura/Consultative Council) was formed on March 1, 1992. Originally membership only 60 people, then increased to 90 people and 120 people. In 2005 its membership to 150 people and a chairperson appointed by the King with a 4-year period of service.

  • Chairman : Dr. Saleh Bin Humayd;
  • Vice Chairman : Mahmoud Bin Abdullah Taiba;
  • Secretary : Dr. Saleh Bin Abdullah Al-Malik
    Consultative Assembly has the authority to propose a draft law or amend the Act as well as to express their opinion concerning various government policies.

 

Judiciary Board:
High Council of Justice (Supreme Council of Judiciary / SCJ) regulates judicial and administrative bodies dealing with prosecuting authority (competence). 11 members of the SCJ are selected from prominent scholars.

  • Chairman : Shaikh Salih Al-Luheidan

Justice System:

  • The Sharia Courts, which has the authority to handle all cases, are consist of 3 levels:
    1. Primary Courts
      • Summary court: courts which handle criminal cases
      • General court (public court): courts which handle civil cases outside the special court.
    2. Appelate court (courts of appeal) which exist in all 13 provinces
    3. Supreme Court (cassation level court)
      • Administrative Courts (Board of grievances / Diwan Al-Mazalim), which authorized to handle cases of State
      • Special Courts: Labor Courts (labor related disputes), Commercial Courts (trade disputes), Family Courts (dealing with matters of marriage and violence in the family).


In addition, there is also a special section for out of court disputes settlement.
[Decree of the King dated 2 April 2005 has approved the restructuring of the judicial body according to the arrangement mentioned above, including the revised name of the Supreme Judicial Council to the Supreme Council of Judiciary)


Council of Senior Ulema:
The Council of Senior Ulema was formed in 1971 by King Faisal. It is an important body which advices the King and the Cabinet Council so that the government policy is in accordance with the Sharia law.


Elections:
Election of the half of the members of Municipal Council (Municipality Council) began in 2005 (for a 4-years period of service). Terms of voters: Saudi’s citizen who’s already at least 21 years of age and not a member of the military (women not included). [Top four Gulf states which allow women to participate in the election: Qatar, Oman, Bahrain, and Kuwait]


Local Government:
In 16 September 1993, a provincial system which divided Saudi Arabia into 13 provinces (Mintaqat) is formed. Each province is led by a provincial governor (Amir) with the level of ministers and accountable to the Minister of Internal affairs. Each province is divided again into a District (Muhafaz) which led by District Governor (Muhafiz). Then each district is divided again into sub-districts which are led by a Head of Sub-District.


In every province there is also a Provincial Council which consists of: the Governor (as chairman), Deputy Governor (vice chairman), Undersecretary of Governors, Chief representative in the provincial government departments, and at least 10 representative of the local community. Riyadh, Mecca, and Medina have 20 members of the Provincial Council, while others capital amounted to 15 people.


Starting from 2006, the Government has established 178 Municipal Council which half of its members (592 people) were elected by a popular vote, while others were appointed. Each Municipal Council consists of at least 4 members and a maximum of 14 members. Municipal Council consists of at least 4 members and a maximum of 14 members. The Council monitors the performance of Municipality. Council monitors the performance of the Municipal (Municipality).

 

 

 

 

 

 


Defence and Security:
Divided into three subsystems, namely:

  • Regular armed forces (Army, Air Force, Navy, and Air Defence Forces) which are in charge of guarding the territory from foreign attack. This power is under the control of the Ministry of Defense and Aerospace, led by Crown Prince Sultan (since 1961).
    • The Deputy Minister and Inspector General of Defense & Aerospace: Prince Abdul Rahman bin Abdul Aziz Al-Saud.
  • The National Guard (National Guard) of Saudi Arabia is responsible for domestic security, especially related to the act of treason. The command string of this forces is separated from the Ministry of Defense and Aerospace. The Commander of the National Guard is King Abdullah (since 1963).
    Deputy Commander of the National Guard: Prince Badr bin Abdul Aziz Al-Saud (since1962).
  • The Public Security Police. Its main task is to maintain security and public order, organized by the Ministry of Internal affairs, and headed by Prince Naif bin Abdul Aziz Al-Saud (since 1975). Admission is voluntary, there is no conscription.
    • Deputy Minister of Internal affairs: Prince Ahmad bin Abdul Aziz Al-Saud.
      Defense policy is formulated by the Council of National Defense (National Security Council) which consists of 7 members: the Minister of Defense and Aerospace, Ministry of Internal affairs, Minister of Foreign Affairs, Minister of Economy and Planning, and Chief of Army Staff. NSC Secretary General Prince Bandar bin Sultan bin Abdul Aziz (since October 2005, former Ambassador to Saudi Arabia to the U.S.).


Head of Intelligence:
Prince Muqrin bin Abdul Aziz (since October 2005, the former Amir Medina).


Potential threats:
Smuggling of drugs, alcoholic beverages, firearms, and explosives which are brought in by a passer-line through the isolated border areas and unoccupied; determination of boundary lines that have not been completed with several neighboring countries; militant groups that grew from solidarity against the oppression of Muslims in various parts of the world; illegal immigrants who did not return to his country after the conduct of pilgrimage and umrah
Membership in the international organizations:


Arab League (1945, founder); United Nations (1945); OKI (1969, founder); GNB; GCC (1981, founder); WTO (2005).


Economic Indicators:

  • GDP : U.S. $ 377 billion (2007); $ 347 billion (2006); U.S. $ 280 billion (2005); $ 251 billion (2004); $ 215 billion (2003); $ 189 billion (2002). [Data Saudi Arabian Monetary Agency]
  • Real GDP growth : 4.3% (2006); 6.1% (2005); 5.3% (2004); 7.7% (2003); 0.1% (2002). [Data SAMA]
    Per-capita income : $ 14,724 (2006); U.S. $ 13.394/SR50.227 (2005); $ 11,112 (2004); $ 9745 (2003); $ 8774 (2002). [Data SAMA]
  • Five-tears development program : Development of five years to 8 years from 2005 to 2009. [budget allocation for the lamps of the 7 years 2000-04: human resources (56.7%); social and health (19.6%); infrastructure (15.2%); economy (8.5%)]
  • State Revenue : $ 179.7 billion (2006); U.S. $ 150.5 billion (2005); $ 104.6 billion (2004); $ 78.1 billion (2003); $ 56.8 billion (2002). [Data SAMA]
  • State Expenditures : $ 104.9 billion (2006); U.S. $ 92.4 billion (2005); $ 76.1 billion (2004); $ 68.5 billion (2003); $ 62.3 billion (2002). [Data SAMA]
    The average price of Arabian Light Oil : $ 61.05 (2006); U.S. $ 50.15 (2005); $ 34.53 (2004); $ 27.69 (2003).
  • GDP composition by sectors of industry : Agriculture = 4.7%; industry = 58.8%; service = 36.5%.
    Industry: oil and gas industry, cement, construction, fertilizer, plastic.
  • Agriculture and livestock : wheat, tomatoes, melons, dates, citrus, sheep, poultry, eggs, milk.
  • Exports : $ 209.8 billion (2006); U.S. $ 180.6 billion (2005); $ 126 billion (2004); $ 93.3 billion (2003); $ 72.5 billion (2002). [Data SAMA]
  • Imports : $ 66.2 billion (2006); U.S. $ 59.5 billion (2005); $ 44.8 billion (2004); $ 36.9 billion (2003); $ 32.3 billion (2002). [Data SAMA]
  • Export Commodities : Oil and oil products (89.5%); petrochemicals (3.6%); building materials (0.9%); agricultural products, livestock, and food (0.5%). [Data SAMA; 2005]
  • Export destination countries : Japan (15.6%); the U.S. (15.5%); South Korea (8.5%); China (5.98%); India (5.94); Singapore (5.2% ); Taiwan (3.6). [2005 statistics]
  • Import commodities : machinery and equipment (24.3%); transport equipment (20.9%); food (14.8%); chemicals (13.5%); metal and related products (10.7%). [Data SAME; 2005]
  • Country of origin of imports : U.S. (14.8%); Japan (9%); Germany (8.2%); PRC (7.4%); English (4.7%); Italy (3.8%); South Korean (3.6%); France (3.4%); India (3.1%); Australia (2.8%). [Data SAMA; 2005]
  • Terminal of goods : Jeddah Islamic Port (annually handle 2.4 million TEUs), Dammam's King Abdul Aziz Port (0.75 TEUs), and Riyadh's Dry Port (0.25 million TEUs) that is connected with the railway from Dammam.
  • Airports : There are 4 international airports: King Khaled in Riyadh (43 km north of the city, ± ½ hours from downtown), King Abdul Aziz in Jeddah (23 km west of the city), King Fahd in Dammam, and Prince Mohammed bin Abdul Aziz in Medina.
  • Seaports :  West Coast: Jeddah Islamic Port, Yanbu Commercial Port, King Fahd Industrial Port (Yanbu).
  • East coast: King Abdul Aziz Port (Dammam), Jubail Commercial Port, King Fahd Industrial Port (Jubail), Al Khobar Port.
  • Banking : There are 12 commercial banks operating in Saudi Arabia: 5 privately-owned [National Commercial Bank (NCB), Riyadh Bank, Al-Rajhi Bank, Al-Bilad Bank, Bank Inmaa]; 7 other banks partly foreign-owned shares [Saudi American Bank (Samba), Saudi British Bank, Arab National Bank (ANB), Banque Saudi Faransi, Saudi Hollandi Bank, Saudi Investment Bank (SAIB), Bank Al-Jazira]. In addition there are also 10
  • branches of foreign banks: Deutsche Bank, BNP Paribas Bank, JP Morgan Chase Bank, Bank Muscat, National Bank of Kuwait, National Bank of Bahrain, Emirates Bank, Gulf International Bank, State Bank of India, and National Bank of Pakistan. All the banks are regulated and supervised by the Saudi Arabian Monetary Agency (SAMA). In 2005 foreign ownership in local banks increased from 49% to a maximum of 60%.
  • Distances between cities : Riyadh - Jeddah = 958 km (1 hour with the plane, ± 9 hours with the bus); Riyadh - Medina = 869 km; Jeddah - Makkah = 78 km (± 1 hour ride); Jeddah - Madinah = 410 km (± 4 hour ride). [Flight Jakarta - Riyadh = ± 9 hours]
  • Inner-city Transportation : Public transport has not developed well, so people have to rely on private cars or taxis. Taxi bargaining system (SR ± 10 to 15 for short distances and are). Taxis from King Khalid International Airport to the city center in Riyadh for SR 55. Taxis from King Abdul Aziz Airport to the central city of Jeddah for SR 50, to Mecca ± SR 100.
  • Transportation between cities : Saudi Arabian Airlines flight had been monopolizing all domestic routes, but since the year 2007 began to operate private airlines NAS (National Air Services) and Sama Airlines. Bus company Saudi Arabian Public Transport Company (SAPTCO) Limited operates in the city and between major cities and some towns in neighboring countries. Inter-city road network associated with the toll road without paying. New railway network between Riyadh - Dammam (± 4 hours, stopping at Hofuf), will develop the railway network that connects the East coast seaports (Jeddah) and the West coast (Jubail and Dammam) through Riyadh.
  • Mobile phone operators : Al-Jawal (owned Saudi Telecom Corporation / STC) and Mobily (Etihad Etisalat's, the consortium company's joint venture with UAE).
  • Provisions of immigration: All visitors must have a visa (except: GCC citizens) and a valid passport at least 3 months. Meningitis injections mandatory for pilgrims.
  • Foreign representatives : In Riyadh there are 113 representatives of diplomatic and there are 55 in Jeddah Consulate. ASEAN countries that have representatives in Saudi Arabia: Brunei Darussalam, Philippines, Indonesia, Malaysia, Myanmar, Singapore, Thailand, and Vietnam.

Education:
Educational level consists of:

  • Primary and secondary education consists of levels: kindergarten, elementary school (6 years), Junior (3 years), SMU (3 years) who are under the supervision of the Ministry of Education for boys and the General Presidency for Girls' Education for girls;
  • Higher education: universities, are under the Ministry of Higher Education;
  • Vocational and technical education, under GOTEVOT (General Organization for Technical Education and Vocational Training).
    There are currently 19 public universities: King Saud University (1957 feet), Imam Muhammad bin Saud Islamic University (1974), and Girls' University (2007) in Riyadh; Islamic University (1961) and Taiba University (2004) in Medina; King Fahd University of Petroleum and Minerals in Dhahran (1963); King Abdul Aziz University in Jeddah (1971); King Faisal University in Dammam and Hofuf (1974); Umm Al-Qura University in Makkah (1981); King Khalid University in Abha ( 1998); University of Qassim (2004); University of Taif (2004); University of Jizan (2006); University of Al-Jouf (2006); University of Hail (2006); University of Tabuk (2007); University of Al - -Baha (2007); University of Najran (2007). [Imam Muhammad Ibn Saud Islamic University also has branches in Jakarta with the name: LIPIA / Institute of Sciences of Islamic and Arabic]

Mass Media:
Controlled by the Government and very limited according to customs and religion. Television and radio stations are owned by the government under the Ministry of Information. But there are several television and radio stations owned by the Saudi private sector broadcast from neighboring countries, such as: TV Al-Majid and MBC FM radio.


Newspapers:
9 Arabic-language newspapers: Ar-Riyadh, Al-Jazeerah (based in Riyadh), Al-Bilad, Al-Madina, Okaz, Al-Eqtisadiah (Jeddah), Al-Watan (Abha), An-Nadwa (Mecca), and Al -Yaum (Dammam).


2 English-language newspapers are based in Jeddah: Arab News and The Saudi Gazette (part of Okaz). In addition there are 2 Arabic-language newspapers published in London: Asharq Al-Awsat (part of the Arab News) and Al-Hayat.
These newspapers are owned by top publishing companies such as: AlYamama [owner of Ar-Riyadh], Okaz [Okaz owners and The Saudi Gazette], SRMG / Saudi Reasearch & Marketing Group leader Prince Faisal bin Salman bin Abdul Aziz Al-Saud [ Al-Eqtisadiah, Arab News, Asharq Al-Awsat].

Television:
Government-owned TV station with 4 channels: Saudi 1, Saudi 2 (speaks English & French language news bulletin), Ar-Riyadiyah (Sports channels), Al-Ekhbariya (news channels). However, approximately 90% of Saudis using satellite TV news channel with the most popular are: Al-Arabiya (based in Dubai; operating in February 2003) and Al-Jazeera (based in Doha; operating in November 1996). [Every Thursday night for a half-hour, television Al-Majd Saudi Arabia privately owned broadcast on the activities of the Indonesian community in the country. Several private television broadcasting in Indonesia are also captured through the satellite TV, such as: Indosiar, ANTV, TPI]


Radio:
Broadcasting Service of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia: Dammam 882 KHz; Jeddah 648 KHz, 684 KHz, 1485 KHz; 585 KHz Riyadh. FM 98.0 MHz (Riyadh); 98.0 MHz (Jeddah). [Every day from 13:00 to 15:00 is broadcast from the Indonesian section of the station emitted from Jeddah to Indonesia]


National News Agency:
Saudi Press Agency (SPA).
News on the Internet:
www.arabnews.com; www.saudinf.com; www.mofa.gov.sa; www.saudiembassy.net;
www.sama.gov.sa.

 

The ruling periods of the kings of Saudi Arabia:

  • 1902 – 1953 King Abdul Aziz bin Abdul Rahman Al-Saud.
  • 1953 – 1964 King Saud bin Abdul Aziz (November 1964 power was taken over by his brother, Crown Prince Faisal).
  • 1964 - 1975  King Faisal bin Abdul Aziz (March 1975 was killed by his nephew, Faisal bin Abdul Aziz bin Musa'id).
  • 1975 -1982  King Khalid bin Abdul Aziz (June 1982 died of a heart attack)
  • 1982 - 2005  King Fahd bin Abdul Aziz Al-Saud (Died August 1, 2005 due to old age sickness).
  • 2005 – present  King Abdullah bin Abdul Aziz Al-Saud.

 

A brief biography:
King Abdullah bin Abdul Aziz Al-Saud:
King Abdullah was born in 1924 in Riyadh. He had never tasted overseas education, and remained in the country. In 1962, Prince Abdullah was appointed as Commander of the National Guard (National Guard), one of the most important divisions of the armed forces of Saudi Arabia. When King Khalid bin Abdul Aziz heired to the throne in 1975, Prince Abdullah bin Abdul Aziz was appointed Second Deputy Prime Minister and the Prince Fahd bin Abdul Aziz established as Crown Prince and concurrently Deputy Prime Minister I. Then when King Fahd was appointed to replace King Khalid who died in 1982, he chose Prince Abdullah as Crown Prince and concurrently Deputy Prime Minister I. Prince Sultan bin Abdul Aziz as Deputy Prime Minister II. In August 1, 2005 Abdullah was appointed as the King of Saudi Arabia after the death of King Fahd.


Crown Prince Sultan bin Abdul Aziz Al-Saud:
Crown Prince Sultan bin Abdul Aziz was born in Riyadh in 1928. He is the younger brother of the late King Fahd. In the course of his career he has served as Governor of Riyadh (1947), Minister of Agriculture (1953), Minister of Communications (1955), and since 1962 served as Minister of Defense and Aerospace. In 1982 Prince Sultan was appointed by the late King Fahd as Second Deputy Prime Minister. After Prince Abdullah was chosen as the new king, he immediately lifted the Prince Sultan as Crown Prince on August 1, 2005.


Second Deputy Prime Minister / Minister of Interior Prince Naif bin Abdul Aziz:
Prince Naif bin Abdul Aziz was born in Taif in 1934. He began his political life as the Secretary General Riyadh Province in 1952. In 1953 he was appointed as the Governor of Riyadh. Prince Naif had experienced special education for the royalties from senior clerics teachers. Before serving as Minister of Internal affairs, Prince Naif served as Deputy Minister of Internal affairs for 5 years. During the incident of terrorism in Saudi Arabia in the year 2003 Prince Naif was well-knowned as a very strong figure in maintaining security and peace of the state. Prince Naif played an important role in assisting foreign aid to the people of Lebanon and Palestine during the war carried out by Israel in southern Lebanon and Gaza. Prince Naif also regarded as the backbone of the implementation of the pilgrimage, where he chaired the Higher Hajj Committee.


Foreign Minister Prince Saud Al-Faisal bin Abdul Aziz Al-Saud:
Foreign Minister Saud al-Faisal was born in Riyadh in 1940, as the son of King Faisal. He completed his undergraduate education at the University of Princeton Economics, United States. Prince Saud was working as an advisor in the Ministry of Petroleum and Mining. Then he moved to Petromin, leading Relations Bureau of Petroleum and Vice Governor Petromin. After King Faisal's death, he became Minister of State for Foreign Affairs. (October 13, 1975) and was appointed Minister of Foreign Affairs until present time.


Minister of State for Foreign Affairs, Dr. Nizar Obaid Madani:
Nizar Obaid Madani was born in Medina in 1941. He earned his Doctor of International Relations in 1977 from the University of Washington, DC He is a career diplomat with the last position as Assistant Secretary of State (minister level). In July 24, 2005 King Fahd appointed him as Minister of State for Foreign Affairs.


Cabinet Ministers of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia:
[As of the last reshuffle cabinet on February 14, 2009]

  • Abdullah bin Abdul Aziz
    King, Prime Minister.
  • H. R. H. Prince Sultan bin Abdul Aziz
    (Crown Prince/Deputy Prime Minister I / Minister of Defence and Aviation, and Inspector General)
    Prince Naif bin Abdul Azis
  • Deputy Prime Minister II & (Decree of King Abdullah bin Abdul Azis dated 27 March 2009)
    Members of the Cabinet:
  • Prince Saud Al-Faisal, (Minister of Foreign Affairs)
    Prince Mit'eb bin Abdul Aziz, (Minister of Municipal and Rural Affairs)
  • Prince Abdul Aziz bin Fahd bin Abdul Aziz, (Chief of the Cabinet’s Presidency/ Minister of State)
  • Dr. Khalid bin Muhammad Al-Qusaibi, (Portofolio) (Minister of Economy and Planning)
  • Dr. Ali bin Ibrahim Al-Naimi, (Portofolio) (Minister of Petroleum and Mineral Resources)
  • Abdullah bin Ahmed Zainal Alireza,[reshuffle of 3 March 2008; ex-State Minister], (Minister of Commerce and Industry)
  • Prince Faisal bin Abdullah bin Muhammad [reshuffle of 14 Februari 2009], (Minister of Education)
    Dr. Khalid bin Muhammad Al-Anqari, (Minister of Higher Education)
  • Abdul Azis Khoja, [reshuffle of 14 Februari 2009], (Minister of Culture and Information)
    Dr. Fouad bin Abdussalam Al-Farsy, [reshuffle of 8 February 2005], Menteri Haji. (Minister of Hajj)
    Dr. Muhammad bin Ali Al-Fayez, (Minister of Civil Service)
  • Dr. Fahd bin Abdulrahman bin Sulaiman Balghunaim, [reshuffle of 30 April 2003], (Minister of Agriculture)
    Abdul Mohsen Al-Akkas, [reshuffle of 8 February 2005], (Minister of Social Affairs) [after separation of the Ministry from the Ministry of Labor and Social Affairs (13 April 2004)]
  • Sheikh Saleh bin Abdul Azizbin Muhammad bin Ibrahim Al-Sheikh, (Minister for Islamic Affairs, Endowment, Propagation and Guidance)
  • Abdullah Al-Rabeeah, [new member in the reshuffle of 14 February 2009], (Minister of Health)
  • Mohammed Al-Eissa,(Minister of Justice)
  • Dr. Ghazi bin Abdulrahman Al Gosaibi, (Minister of Labor) [after separation of the Ministry from the Ministry of Labor and Social Affairs (13 April 2004)]
  • Dr. Jubarah bin Eid Al-Suraiseri, [new member in the reshuffle of 30 April 2003], (Minister of Transport)
    Abdullah bin Abdul Rahman Al-Hussayen, (Minister of Water and Electricity)
  • Ir. Mohammad Jameel bin Ahmed Mulla, [new member in the reshuffle of 30 April 2003],(Minister of Telecommunications and Information Technology)
  • Dr. Ibrahim bin Abdulaziz Al-Assaf, (Portofolio), (Minister of Finance)
  • Mutlab bin Abdullah Al-Nafeesah, (Minister of State)
  • Dr. Saud Al-Mathami, [appointed in 28 December 2003], Minister of State and Shoura Affairs
  • Dr. Musaed bin Muhammad Al-Aiban, (Minister of State)
  • Dr. Abdul Aziz bin Abdullah Al-Khuweiter, (Minister of State)
  • Dr. Nizar Obaid Madani, [reshuffle of 24 July 2005], (State Minister for Foreign Affairs)

Despite that, King Abdullah bin Abdul Azis also appointed:

  1. Noura binti Abdullah Al-Fayez, (Deputy Minister for Women’s Education);
    (The first women ever to be appointed as a Cabinet Minister in Saudi Arabia) – new member in the reshuffle of 14 February 2009.
  2. Faisal bin Moamar (Deputy Minister of Education) – new member in the reshuffle of 14 February 2009.
  3. Mohammad Al Jasser (Head of the Central Bank)
  4. General Abdul Rahman Al Murshid (Army Commander)


Gedung KBRI Riyadh

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