Angklung, Indonesia`s traditional bamboo musical instrument, was among 47 nominations from 29 countries, inscribed into the UNESCO Representative List of Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity. The nominations were examined by the UNESCO Inter-Governmental Committee for the Safeguarding of the Intangible Cultural Heritage (IGC-ICH) in its fifth session in Nairobi, Kenya, on Wednesday (Nov 17).
The Representative List of the Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity is a list made by the UNESCO to help demonstrating the diversity of intangible heritage practices and expressions and to raising awareness about its importance.
According to the UNESCO, angklung satisfies five criteria for inscription of the Representative List. Firstly, Indonesian Angklung represents the cultural identity of community in West Java and Banten where playing Angklung enhances the values of togetherness, mutual respect and social harmony.
Secondly, the inscription of Indonesian Angklung could raise the awareness of the importance of intangible cultural heritage and promote the values of cooperation, discipline and mutual respect.
Furthermore, the Indonesian authority has set preserving measures that include cooperation at various levels to encourage Angklung´s diffusion in formal and non-formal contexts.
The nomination also shows the communities´ participation in the preserving efforts, as well as in the process of elaborating the nomination through formal consultations.
Lastly, the Centre for Research and Development of Culture of the Ministry of Culture and Tourism has included Angklung in a national inventory. Several universities and Angklung associations have also included Angklung in their specialized inventories.
Other countries, including Peru, also have managed to include their cultural heritage into the list. This year, two Peruvian dances Huaconada, ritual dance of Mito and the scissors dance of Quechua also were in the Representative List of Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity.
Now, Indonesia has four cultural heritages which have been representatives in the list. Wayang (the Javanese shadow puppet theater), Keris (the Javanese ceremonial dagger) and Batik had been previously inscribed.
Besides those four items, the country also has seven sites on UNESCO'S list of world heritage sites. Three of them -- the Borobudur monument, the Prambanan temple complex and the Sangiran Early man site, all in Central Java -- are on the list of world cultural heritage. The other four -- the Komodo, Lorentz and Ujung Kulon national parks, as well as the Tropical Rainforest Heritage of Sumatra -- are listed as world natural heritage.
Source: Antara, Xin Hua, UNESCO