Cuba

                                                                                       

A.   DESCRIPTION

 

Name of the country:Republic of Cuba  (República de Cuba) 
Capital :Havana (La Habana) 
Form of State :Unitary  
Form of government :Socialist-Communist  
Head of State:Raúl Castro Ruz, President of the Councils of State and Ministers, First Secretaryof the Communist Party and Supreme Commander of the Armed Forces in Cuba (elected Feb 24th , 2008) 
Foreign Minister:Bruno Rodriquez
National Days :

January 1st (1959 Triumph of the Revolution).

October 10th(1868 Beginning of the Fight for Independence) 

Geographical Location:

Cuba lies between the Caribbean Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean approximately 90 milessouth of Key West, Florida.

 

Borders:

 

North:United States and  Bahamas
South:Jamaica
East :Haiti
West:Gulf of Mexico
Total Area:109.884 Km2 (Area Cuba Island: 107.464 km2; Area Youth Island: 2.419 km2; and around 4200 small islands). Total land area 106.757 Km (CEPEC, 2014)
Provinces:

15 provinces and 1 special municipality

 

Provinces: Pinar del Rio; Artemisa; La Habana; Mayabeque, Matanzas; Villa Clara; Cienfuegos; Sancti Spiritus; Ciego de Ávila; Camagüey; Las Tunas; Holguín; Granma; Santiago de Cuba; Guantánamo.

 

Special municipality: Isla de Juventud (Isle of Youth)

 

Climate:Subtropical: lowest temperature of about 5oC and highest about 30-330C. Humidity: 63% in the Spring-Winter (November-April) and approximately  90% in the Summer  (May-October) 
Population :

11.258.597 (est 2014, World Bank)

 

Age Distribution:

Age 0-14 years:
      1. 16.9% (978.003 men and921.599 women)
Age 15-64 years:7.795.031 69.5% (3.905.312menand 3.889.719women)
Age> 65 years:1.515.431 13.5% (706.030men and809.401women)

Source: ONEI

Population Growth:0% (est 2014, World Bank) 
Language:Spanish 
Ethnic Groups:White 64,1%; Mulatto 26,6%; Black 9,3% (2012 census) 
Religions:85% Roman Catholic before Castro gained the power; Protestant; Jehovah's Witnesses, Jews; Santeria
Economy
Currency:

Cuban Convertible Peso (CUC) (1 USD = 0,864 CUC)

Cuban Peso (CUP) (1 CUC = 25 CUP) (2015) 

GDP (PPP Current International):

US$ 234 billion (est 2013, World Bank)

 

GDP Growth:3% (est 2013, World Bank)
GDP Perkapita (PPP Current International):

US$ 20,788 (est 2013, World Bank)

 

GDP Composition per sector:Agriculture: 5% ; Industry : 21% ; Service: 74% (est 2011, World Bank)
Industrial Products:Sugar, petroleum, tobacco, chemicals, construction, services, nickel, iron, cement, agricultural machinery, biotechnology/pharmaceutical 
Agricultural Products:Sugar, tobacco, citrus, coffee, rice, potatoes, beans, livestock 
Trade Partners :Venezuela, China, Spain, Canada and Brazil + trade relations with approximately 170 countries(CEPEC, 2014)
Total Export :US$ 5,6 billion (est 2014, CIA Fact Book)
Total Import:US$ 14,7 billion (est 2014, CIA Fact Book)
-    Export Products :nickel, pharmaceutical products, sugar, tobacco, sea food and rum  (CEPEC, 2014)
-    Import products:fuel, lubricants, machinery, equipment, foodstuffs and manufactured products
-    Export Partners:Venezuela, Netherland, Canada, China, Spain, Panama, Nigeria and Brazil (2012)
-    Import partners:Venezuela, China, Spain, Brazil, USA, Mexico, Italy and France (2013)
Natural Resources:Cobalt, nickel, iron ore, chromium, copper, salt, timber, silica, petroleum, arable land (CIA Fact Book)
Entries:Antilla, Cienfuegos, Guantánamo, Havana, Matanzas, Mariel, Nuevitas Bay, Santiago de Cuba, Tanamo

1 Statistics and InformationNational Office of theRepublic of Cuba (Oficina Nacional de Estadística e información de la República de Cuba)

2 Center forthePromotion of ForeignTrade and Investement (Centro de Promoción del Comercio Exterior y la Inversión Extranjera de Cuba- CEPEC-)

 

 

B.   POLITICAL DEVELOPMENT

1.    The political situation in the country is generally stable. The government continues its efforts to maintain and ensure the continuity of socialism. Several government policies and institutional reforms have taken placed in order to uphold socialism. Due to the expiration of President Raul Castro's term in 2018, 2013 was marked by a political regeneration process. Political regeneration is characterized, among others, by the emergence of young politicians in the Parliament and the Council of State. The average age of the 82.68% of the 620 members of parliament is 48 years old.Meanwhile, at the Council of State, 21 of the 31 members are new politicians who are aged between 50-60 years, including Cuban Foreign Minister Bruno Eduardo Rodriguez Parilla.

2.    Renewal of the economyin accordance with the Guidelines of the Economic and Social Policy of the Party and the Revolution as well as institutional changes were set at the 6th Congress of the Communist Party of Cuba on April, 2011.By the end of 2013, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs also underwent structural changes.

 3.    In order to provide freedom for Cubans to travel abroad, in January 2013 the government enacted a new immigration law which allowed Cubans to travel abroad without the permission to leave (permiso de salida) and also facilitated the passport issuing. Cubans can now stay out of the country for 2 years (previously only 11 months) without losing theirproperties. This policy has increased the number of Cubans travelling abroad during 2013.

4.    After secret negotiations for a year and through mediation of Pope Francis, on December 17, 2014, the Government of Cuba and the United States announced that the two countries will begin to restore diplomatic relations which had been broken for 5 decades. Several formal negotiations and dialogues on Human Rights have been held in an attempt to reopen respective diplomatic missions in the capital of both countries. Up to June, 2015, negotiation still continues.

C.   ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT

1.    The Government's economic policy focuses on the economic update process which has been taken place in the island for several years now. This update intends to improve Cuban economy making it open and responsive to changes in the global economy. However, this economic update process is still very dependent on the decisionstaken by the Council of State which tend to be less open about the mechanism or stage of change that the Government of Cuba intends to achieve.

2.    Even when Cuba is still suffering from economic embargo imposed by the United States, the Cuban Government has consistently increase the amount of foreign exchange reserves (international reserves) which has reached the US $ 300 million per year since the implementation of the economic update (US $ 4.39 billion (2011), US $ 4.69 billion (2012) and US $ 4.99 billion in 2013). The Cuban government also succeeded in maintaining a consistent increase in the value of GDP like US $ 60.08 billion in 2011; US $ 62.97 billion in 2012 and US $ 65.72 billion in 2013. However, the economic growthis still experiencing distortioni.e. 2.8% in 2011, 3.0% in 2012 and 2.7% in 2013.

 3.    The economic growth per sector in 2013 is described as follows: 5.2% (industry), 4.4% (agriculture) and 2% (service sector). The service sector is the most important for the Cuban economy since it accounts for almost 75% of the GDP, followed by the industry sector 22% and the agricultural sector 3%.

4.    In 2013, revenues in the service sector reached US $ 8.9 billion, which was supported by the increase of remittances from Cuban residents living abroad(US $ 2.8 billion) and the earnings from the tourism sector which was able to generate more than US $ 2.6 billion. Meanwhile, incomesfrom the work of Cuban doctors abroad were approximately US $ 2.5 billion.

D.   SOCIO-CULTURAL DEVELOPMENT

1.    Cuba is a country that applies the use of soft power in support of foreign policy. The cornerstone of Cuba's soft power is based on the view that Cuba received so much support from various parties when enforcing the revolution of 1959that its government and people have now an obligation to pay a "debt to humanity" by helping others who are less fortunate. Soft power diplomacyin Cuba is implemented in several forms: (a) diplomacy in the field of education; (B) diplomacy in the field of health; (C) diplomacy in the field of arts and culture; (D) technical cooperation among developing countries.

2.    According to reports published in Cuba, more than 30,000 international students from more than 70 countries have taken an academic scholarship to study in Cuba. Study programs include sports, arts and culture and film. One of the most popular scholarship programs offered by the Cuban Government is the Medical Program at the Latin American Medical School (Escuela Latinoamericana de Medicina / ELAM)) –Up toMarch 2015, 24 486 international students from 83 countries have graduated from this program and up to April 2015, ELAM has enrolled students from 122nations. ELAM might be considered as one of the spearheads of soft power in Cuba since its graduates are asked to return to their communities to practice the knowledge gained in Cuba. Since August 2012, there are five (5) Indonesian scholarship recipients studying at ELAM.

3.    In the health sector, up to date, there are approximately 51,568 Cuban doctors and medical personnel currently working in approximately 67 countries, particularly in Latin America, Africa and Asia (April 2015). Cuba has also promoted the OperaciónMilagro (Miracle Operation) Program to prevent and treat  eye diseases including blindness in poor people. As for Education, in order to eradicate illiteracy in third world countries, Cuba has promoted the educational program Yo si Puedo (Yes, I can).

4.    Cuba also takes advantage of technical cooperation and development as a means of soft power. Cuba have helped many third world countries to develop biotechnology in the field of pharmacology (treatment), especially vaccines, cane diversification and management of drinking water.

E.        RELATIONSHIP INDONESIA – CUBA

I.          POLITICAL 

1.  Diplomatic relations between Indonesia and Cuba started on January 22nd, 1960. The opening of the Indonesian Embassy in Havana took place on August 14th, 1963. However, on the basis of reciprocity and financial savings, the Government of Indonesia decided to close its Embassy in Havana in October, 1971. In December 1995, the Indonesian Embassy in Havana was reopened and since 1999it  has been chaired by several Ambassadors of the Republic of Indonesia. Currently serving as Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary of the Republic of Indonesia in Cuba isH.E. TeiseranFounCornelis who submitted credentials on February 13, 2012. As for Cuba, Ambassador EnnaViant Valdes is the currently Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary of the Republic of Cuba in Jakarta.

2.Cooperation between Indonesia and Cuba is going well. An example of this is the visit of Cuban Foreign Minister, Bruno Rodriguez Parrilla to Indonesia on May 24, 2013. During his visit, Parrilla and his Indonesian counterpart discussed about the possibilities to increase bilateral relations, regional issues and international matters of interest to both countries. In particular, both parties agreed on the need to increase cooperation in the fields of health, sports and culture.

3. At a multilateral level of cooperation, Indonesia and Cuba have stayed very close. This can be proved by a number of cooperation agreements signed between the countries as well as by the strategic mutual support at international fora. During 2013, Indonesia received full support from Cuba for its nomination to the Human Rights Council (period 2015 – 2017). Cuba and Indonesia have also supported each other at the IMO Council, Category "C", period 2013-2015 (unilateral support); ICAO Council Part III, period 2013-2016 (mutual supportagreement), as well as for the nomination of representatives from Indonesia as the DG period 2013-2017 (unilateral). In September, 2014 Cuba supported Indonesia for its nomination as a Board Member of the International Telecommunications Union (ITU) period 2014 - 2018 and member of the Human Rights Council from 2015 to 2017 on the basis of mutual support agreement.

II.        ECONOMIC

1.    The total trade value between Indonesia and Cuba in 2014 amounted US$ 4.65 million. This figure decreased up to US$ 9.24 million when compare to the figure reported in 2013 which amounted US$ 13.89 million. The trade value decreased mainly as a result of a buying reduction of Indonesia's products namely papers, soap, tobacco, household product and rubber by the Cuban side. Despite the decline in the value of trade, in 2014 Indonesia still earn a trade surplus of US $ 841 thousand. 

2.    For the ongoing year, January-April 2015, the bilateral trade value between Indonesia and Cuba reached US$ 1.67 million, i.e. an increase of 54% if compared to the figure reported during the same period in 2014. Indonesia's export reached US$ 1.07 million which represented an increase of 215% when compared to the figure reported in 2014 of US$ 341 thousand. While, Indonesia's import value decreased in a 19.3% from US$ 747 thousand to US$ 602 thousand.  

 3.    Indonesia's main export products to Cuba during 2014 include palm oil products, soap products, paper products, textile, sack and bags of polyethylene, parts and accessories for non- electrical operated instruments and apparatus and plastic furniture.

4.    Indonesia's main import products from Cuba include alcohol products (rum), cigars, medicine for cancer, butadiene rubber, felt paper and paper board.

 5.    Cuba is a potential market for Indonesian products such as bicycles, umbrellas, crude palm oil, pharmaceuticals, agricultural products, tires, electrical and telecommunication cables and products for personal hygiene. 

 6.    Indonesia and Cuba signed a MoU on Agricultural Cooperation on March 18, 2015 in Jakarta, Indonesia. The document was signed between the Indonesian Ministry of Agriculture, represented by its Secretary General Mr. Hari Priyono and the Cuban Ministry of Agriculture, represented by Cuban Ambassador to Jakarta, H.E. Enna Viant.

TRADE BALANCE

INDONESIA - CUBA
2010 – 2015

(Value: Thousand US$)

Description20102011201220132014Trend(%) 2010-2014Jan-AprChange(%) 2015/2014
20142015
TOTAL TRADE10.105,116.880,113.900,913.898,84.654,8-16,011.088,61.679,954,32
OIL & GAS0,00,00,00,00,00,000,00,00,00
NON OIL & GAS10.105,116.880,113.900,913.898,84.654,8-16,011.088,61.679,954,32
EXPORT9.022,215.190,612.647,713.518,62.748,0-22,08341,61.077,4215,38
OIL & GAS0,00,00,00,00,00,000,00,00,00
NON OIL & GAS9.022,215.190,612.647,713.518,62.748,0-22,08341,61.077,4215,38
IMPORT1.082,91.689,41.253,1380,21.906,8-3,53747,0602,6-19,33
OIL & GAS0,00,00,00,00,00,000,00,00,00
NON OIL & GAS1.082,91.689,41.253,1380,21.906,8-3,53747,0602,6-19,33
TRADE BALANCE7.939,413.501,211.394,613.138,3841,1-36,35-405,4474,8217,13
OIL & GAS0,00,00,00,00,00,000,00,00,00
NON OIL & GAS7.939,413.501,211.394,613.138,3841,1-36,35-405,4474,8217,13

 

Source: Ministry of Trade, Republic of Indonesia

 

III.       SOCIAL-CULTURAL

1.    In the field of sports, cooperation between the two countries continues to progress, especially in sports specialties such as athletics, boxing, volleyball, wrestling and badminton. Indonesia has sent several athletes for training camps in Cuba as well as badminton coaches for coaching clinic to Cuban athletes. Specialized in the sport of boxing, the Amateur Boxing Association of Indonesia (Pertina) has been working with the Cuban Boxing Federation for the training of Indonesian Amateur Boxing Team. The latest contracts between the two federations were signed in December 2013 and March 2015.

2.    Cooperation in the health sector could be still improved. Cuba has a health system that is sufficiently advanced with qualified human resources and effective medicines to deal with various diseases, especially cancer and HIV / AIDS. During the last two years, some drug companies from Indonesia have begun negotiating to establish cooperation with Cuba.

 3.    In the field of education is valid to mention the existence of several Scholarship Programs such as the Darmasiswa Scholarship Program offeredfrom Indonesia to Cuba. This program in particular has presented some difficulties given the fact that the Cuban applicants have to pay for their own travel ticket from Cuba to Indonesia. On the other hand, some Indonesian students have been recipients of scholarships offered by the Cuban government. That is the case of three (3) Indonesian students who in 2003 studied at the International School for Physical Education and Sport (EIEFD for its abbreviation in Spanish)  and graduated in 2008 and 2009 respectively with very satisfactory results including a "Titulo de Oro" (golden title) that can be equated with summa or magna cum laude in Indonesia. Currently, there are five (5) Indonesian students who have been awarded with a scholarshipfor the medicine program. Three of them started their studies in September 2012 and then two new students joined them in September 2014. For the record, the Indonesian students pay for their own travel tickets from Indonesia to Cuba given the fact that the Cuban scholarship scheme does not includethe payment for travel tickets.

4.    In March 2015, the Indonesian government announced the KNB Scholarship Program for Developing Countries Partnership, academic year 2015/2016. ThisProgram is offered by the Ministry of Research, Technology and Higher Education of the Republic of Indonesia and it targets Cuban teachers and young people working in government agencies. The KNB Scholarship covers the cost of flight tickets and accommodation in Indonesia.

5.    In the field of cultural exchange and cooperation, it is valid to mention the Angklung Workshop held at the Higher Institute of Arts (ISA for its acronym in Spanish) promoted by the Indonesian Embassy to Havana in cooperation with ISA and Jose White Music Conservatory of Camaguey. The Workshop was conducted on 4-5 June, 2015 by Eugenio A. Silva, Director of the Angklung Orchestra of Camaguey and it was attended by more than 30 students from ISA's Faculty of Music. 

 

​F. GOVERNMENT STRUCTURE

CUBA

I.              CUBAN PARLIAMENT(National Assembly of People's Power)

President of Parliament:Esteban Lazo Hernández
Vice-president of Parliament: Ana María Mari Machado
Secretary ofParliament:Miriam Brito Sarroca

 

II.            COUNCIL OF STATE

President:Raúl Castro Ruz
Firts Vice-President:Miguel Mario Díaz-Canel Bermúdez
Vice-President:José Ramón Machado Ventura
Vice-President:Comandante de la Revolución Ramiro Valdés Menéndez
Vice-President:Salvador Antonio Valdés Mesa
Vice-President:Gladys María BejeranoPortela
Vice-President:Mercedes López Arcea
Secretary:Homero Acosta Álvarez

 

III.           MEMBERS OF THE COUNCIL OF STATE

 Lester Alain Alemán HurtadoH.E. Ileana Amparo Flores Morales
Teresa María AmarelleBouéCommander of the Revolution Guillermo GarcíaFrías
YaramisArmenteros MedinaH.E. Félix González Vigo
Miguel Ángel Barnet LanzaH.E. Tania León Silveira
Inés María ChapmanWaughCorps Gen. Álvaro López Miera
Corps Gen. Leopoldo Cintra FríasH.E. Carmen Rosa López Rodríguez
Corps Gen.Abelardo Colomé IbarraH.E. Martha del Carmen Mesa Valenciano
H.E. Yuniasky Crespo VaqueroH.E. Carlos Rafael Miranda Martínez
Marino Alberto Murillo JorgeMíriamNicado García
MiladysOrraca CastilloSergio Juan Rodríguez Morales
Bruno Eduardo Rodríguez ParrillaLiz Belkis Rosabal Ponce
H.E.Adel Onofre Yzquierdo Rodríguez 

 

IV.          COUNCIL OF MINISTERS

PresidentRaúl Castro Ruz
First Vice-PresidentMiguel Mario Díaz-Canel Bermúdez
Vice-President

Ramiro Valdés Menéndez

 

Vice-President  and Minister of Economy and Planning Marino Alberto Murillo Jorge
Vice-PresidentUlises Rosales del Toro
Vice-President

Ricardo Cabrisas Ruiz

 

Vice-PresidentAntonio Enrique Lussón Batlle
SecretaryJosé Amado Ricardo Guerra
Minister of the Revolutionary Armed ForcesCorps Gen. Leopoldo Cintra Frías
Minister of Interior Corps Gen.  Abelardo Colomé Ibarra
Minister of AgricultureGustavo Rodríguez Rollero
Minister of Science, Technology and Environment Elba Rosa Pérez Montoya
Minister of Foreign Trade and Investment Rodrigo Malmierca Díaz
Minister of DomesticTradeMary Blanca Ortega Barredo
Minister of ConstructionRené Mesa Villafaña
Minister of CultureJulián González Toledo
Minister of EducationEna Elsa Velázquez Cobiella
Minister of HigherEducationRodolfo Alarcón Ortiz
Minister of Finances and Prices Lina Olinda Pedraza Rodríguez
Minister of FoodIndustryMaría del Carmen Concepción González
Minister of IndustrySalvador Pardo Cruz
Minister of Informatics and Communications Maimir Mesa Ramos
Minister of JusticeMaría Esther Reus González
Minister of ForeignAffairsBruno Eduardo Rodríguez Parrilla
Minister of PublicHealthRoberto Morales Ojeda
Minister of Labour and Social Security Margarita Marlene González Fernández
Minister of TransportationCesar Ignacio Arocha Masid
Minister of TourismManuel Marrero Cruz
Minister of Energy and Mines Alfredo López Valdés

 

V.           MINISTERIAL LEVEL OFFICIALS 

-President of the Cuban Radio and Television Institute (ICRT):DaniloSirioLópez 
-President of the National Institute of Sports, Physical Education and Recreation (INDER): Julio Christian Jiménez Molina 
-President of the Central Bank of Cuba : Ernesto Medina Villaveirán 
-Comptroller General of Cuba: Gladys MaríaBejeranoPortela 

-President of the People's Supreme Court:Dr. Rubén Remigio Ferro

-Cuban Attorney General: Dr. Darío Delgado Cura

 

-President of the National Institute of Hydraulic Resources: Inés María Chapman Waugh

 

 

 

 As of July 7th, 2015