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GEOGRAPHYSouthern Africa, east of Angola
CLIMATETropical; modified by altitude; rainy season (October to April)
TERRAINMostly high plateau with some hills and mountains.
NATURAL RESOURCESCopper, cobalt, zinc, lead, coal, emeralds, gold, silver, uranium, hydropower.
Lusaka, Capital City of Zambia
ETHNIC GROUPSAfrican 98.7%, European 1.1%, other 0.2%.
NATIONALITYNoun: Zambian(s) Adjective: Zambian
LANGUAGESEnglish (official), major vernaculars - Bemba, Kaonda, Lozi, Lunda, Luvale, Nyanja, Tonga, and about 70 other indigenous languages.
COUNTRY NAMEConventional long form: Republic of Zambia Conventional short form: Zambia Former: Northern Rhodesia
ADMINISTRATIVE DIVISIONS9 provinces; Central, Copperbelt, Eastern, Luapula, Lusaka, Northern, North-Western, Southern, Western.
INDEPENDENCE24 October 1964 (from UK)
NATIONAL HOLIDAYIndependence Day, 24 October (1964)
CONSTITUTION24 August 1991; amended in 1996 to establish presidential term limits
LEGAL SYSTEMBased on English common law and customary law; judicial review of legislative acts in an ad hoc constitutional council; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction.
JUDICIAL BRANCHSupreme Court (the final court of appeal; justices are appointed by the president); High Court (has unlimited jurisdiction to hear civil and criminal cases).
POLITICAL PARTIES AND LEADERS
FLAG DESCRIPTIONGreen with a panel of three vertical bands of red (hoist side), black, and orange below a soaring orange eagle, on the outer edge of the flag.
AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTSCorn, sorghum, rice, peanuts, sunflower seed, vegetables, flowers, tobacco, cotton, sugarcane, cassava (tapioca), coffee; cattle, goats, pigs, poultry, milk, eggs, hides.
INDUSTRIESCopper mining and processing, construction, foodstuffs, beverages, chemicals, textiles, fertilizer, horticulture.
EXPORT COMMODITIESCopper/cobalt 64%, cobalt, electricity; tobacco, flowers, cotton.
IMPORT COMMODITIESMachinery, transportation equipment, petroleum products, electricity, fertilizer; foodstuffs, clothing.
CURRENCY CODEZambian kwacha (ZMK).
INTERNET COUNTRY CODE .zm