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Zambia

BRIEF HISTORY

The territory of Northern Rhodesia was administered by the [British] South Africa Company from 1891 until it was taken over by the UK in 1923. During the 1920s and 1930s, advances in mining spurred development and immigration. The name was changed to Zambia upon independence in 1964. In the 1980s and 1990s, declining copper prices and a prolonged drought hurt the economy. Elections in 1991 brought an end to one-party rule, but the subsequent vote in 1996 saw blatant harassment of opposition parties. The election in 2001 was marked by administrative problems with three parties filing a legal petition challenging the election of ruling party candidate Levy MWANAWASA. The new president launched an anticorruption task force in 2002, but the government has yet to make a prosecution. The Zambian leader was reelected in 2006 in an election that was deemed free and fair. He was succeeded by his vice president, Rupiah BANDA, who subsequently won a special presidential by-election in October 2008. Michael SATA was elected president in September 2011. Next presidential by-election will be held on January 20, 2015.

 

Zambia is also a member of ACP, AfDB, AU, C, COMESA, EITI (compliant country), FAO, G-77, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICRM, IDA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, Interpol, IOC, IOM, IPU, ISO (correspondent), ITSO, ITU, ITUC (NGOs), MIGA, MONUSCO, NAM, OPCW, PCA, SADC, UN, UNAMID, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNHCR, UNIDO, UNISFA, UNMIL, UNMISS, UNWTO, UPU, WCO, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO

http://www.kemlu.go.id/harare/Picture/tf/zambiamap.jpg 

GEOGRAPHY
Southern Africa, East of Angola,
South of the Democratic Republic of the Congo

Bordering countries: Angola, Botswana, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, Tanzania, Zimbabwe

Total area: 752,618 sq km

 

CLIMATE
Tropical; modified by altitude; rainy season (October to April)

 

TERRAIN
Mostly high plateau with some hills and mountains.

 

NATURAL RESOURCES

Copper, cobalt, zinc, lead, coal, emeralds, gold, silver, uranium, hydropower.

 

http://www.kemlu.go.id/harare/Picture/tf/lusaka.jpg 

Lusaka, Capital City of Zambia

 

POPULATION
14,638,505 (July 2014, CIA World Factbook)

 

ETHNIC GROUPS

African 98.7%, European 1.1%, other 0.2%.

 

RELIGIONS

Protestant 75.3%, Roman Catholic 20.2%, other 2.7% (includes Muslim Buddhist, Hindu, and Baha'i), none 1.8% (2010, CIA World Factbook)

 

NATIONALITY
Noun: Zambian(s) 
Adjective: Zambian

 

http://www.kemlu.go.id/harare/OthersPictures/zambiavicfall01.jpg 

 

LANGUAGES
English (official), major vernaculars - Bemba, Kaonda, Lozi, Lunda, Luvale, Nyanja, Tonga, and about 70 other indigenous languages.

 

COUNTRY NAME
Conventional long form: Republic of Zambia 
Conventional short form: Zambia 
Former: Northern Rhodesia

 

TYPE OF GOVERNMENT

Republic

 

CAPITAL CITY

Lusaka

 

ADMINISTRATIVE DIVISION

10 provinces; Central, Copperbelt, Eastern, Luapula, Lusaka, Muchinga, Northern, North-Western, Southern, Western

 

INDEPENDENCE
24 October 1964 (from UK)

 

NATIONAL HOLIDAY

Independence Day, 24 October (1964)

 

CONSTITUTION
24 August 1991; amended in 1996 to establish presidential term limits

 

LEGAL SYSTEM

Based on English common law and customary law; judicial review of legislative acts in an ad hoc constitutional council; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction.

 

EXECUTIVE BRANCH

Chief of state: Acting President Guy SCOTT (since 29 October 2014) following the death of President Michael Chilufya SATA on 28 October 2014; Vice President (vacant); note – the president is both chief of state and head of government

Head of government: Acting President Guy SCOTT (since 29 October 2014) following the death of President Michael Chilufya SATA on 28 October 2014; Vice President (vacant) 
Cabinet: Cabinet appointed by the president from among the members of the National Assembly 
Elections:
president elected by popular vote for a five-year term (eligible for a second term); election last held on 20 September 2011 (next to be held in 2016); vice president appointed by the president
Election results:
Michael Chilufya SATA elected president; note – an election must be held within 90 days of President SATA’s death on 28 October 2014, according to Zambia’s constitution

 

LEGISLATIVE BRANCH

Unicameral National Assembly (158 seats; 150 members are elected by popular vote, eight members are appointed by the president, to serve five-year term.

Elections: Last held on 20 September 2011 (next to be held in 2016); note - over 25 by-elections, prompted by resignation, death, change of party or legal nullification have taken place since September 2011
Election results:
percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - PF 60, MMD 55, UPND 28, ADD 1, FDD 1, independents 3; seats not determined 2; note - seats as of 4 March 2014 - PF 69, MMD 41, UPND 31, ADD 1, FDD 1, independents 2, pending court decision 7, other 6

 

JUDICIAL BRANCH

Supreme Court (the final court of appeal; justices are appointed by the president); High Court (has unlimited jurisdiction to hear civil and criminal cases).

 

POLITICAL PARTIES AND LEADERS

Alliance for Democracy and Development (ADD): Charles MILUPI

Alliance for a Better Zambia (ABZ): Frank BWALYA

Christian Democratic Party (CDP): Daniel PULE

Forum for Democracy and Development (FDD): Edith NAWAKWI

Heritage Party (HP): Godfrey MIYANDA

Movement for Multiparty Democracy (MMD): Nevers MUMBA

National Restoration Party (NAREP): Elias CHIPIMO

National Revolution Party (NRP): Cosmo MUMBA

Party of Unity for Democracy and Development (PUDD): Dan PULE

Patriotic Front (PF): Michael SATA

Republican Progressive Party (RPP): James LUKUKU

United National Independence Party (UNIP): Tilyenji KAUNDA

United Party for National Development (UPND): Hakainde HICHILEMA

 

FLAG DESCRIPTION

Green with a panel of three vertical bands of red (hoist side), black, and orange below a soaring orange eagle, on the outer edge of the flag.

 

ECONOMY BRIEF

Zambia's economy has experienced strong growth in recent years, with real GDP growth in 2005-13 more than 6% per year. Privatization of government-owned copper mines in the 1990s relieved the government from covering mammoth losses generated by the industry and greatly increased copper mining output and profitability to spur economic growth. Copper output has increased steadily since 2004, due to higher copper prices and foreign investment. Zambia's dependency on copper makes it vulnerable to depressed commodity prices, but record high copper prices and a bumper maize crop in 2010 helped Zambia rebound quickly from the world economic slowdown that began in 2008. Zambia has made some strides to improve the ease of doing business. Regulatory changes by the current government in 2012-2013 included Statutory Instruments (SI) Number 33 (mandating use of the kwacha for domestic transactions) and SI Number 55 (monitoring foreign exchange transactions). Along with problems of fiscal management and weakening global copper prices, these SI's were perceived as undermining confidence in Zambia's economy and currency, leading to sharp depreciation of the kwacha in March 2014. In response, the Minister of Finance revoked SI 33 and 55 in late March 2014. Despite a strong economy, poverty remains a significant problem in Zambia, made worse by a high birth rate, relatively high HIV/AIDS burden, and by market distorting agricultural policies.

 

AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTS

Corn, sorghum, rice, peanuts, sunflower seed, vegetables, flowers, tobacco, cotton, sugarcane, cassava (tapioca), coffee; cattle, goats, pigs, poultry, milk, eggs, hides.

 

INDUSTRIES
Copper mining and processing, construction, foodstuffs, beverages, chemicals, textiles, fertilizer, horticulture.

 

EXPORT COMMODITIES

Copper/cobalt , cobalt, electricity; tobacco, flowers, cotton.

 

IMPORT COMMODITIES

Machinery, transportation equipment, petroleum products, electricity, fertilizer; foodstuffs, clothing.

 

CURRENCY

Zambian kwacha (ZMK).

 

INTERNET COUNTRY CODE

.zm



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