Beware of Ebola!

8/25/2014

 

?Ebola has killed more than 1000 people. Despite there had been no Ebola case in Tanzania, we should be aware of it. Prevention is better than cure.


What is Ebola?

  • ?Ebola is a killer disease, which presents with high fever and bleeding tendencies. 
  • It is very infectious, kills in a short time but can be prevented.


What are the signs and symptoms of Ebola?

• Fever

• Vomiting

• Diarrhea

• Abdominal pain

• Headache

• Measles like rash

• Red eyes

• Sore throat

• Bleeding from body openings may or may not be present

Note: Virus incubation period is 2-22 days


How is it spread?

  • Ebola is spread through direct physical contact with body fluids like blood, saliva, stool,   vomitus, urine, and sweat of an infected person and soiled linen used by a patient
  • Splashing of body fluids from an infected person into the eyes of another person
  • It can also be spread through using skin piercing instruments that have been used by an  infected person
  • The Virus can also be got through contact with persons who have died of Ebola
  • The virus can also be got through eating dead animals especially monkeys that died of Ebola.


How can it be prevented?

  • ?Avoid direct contact with body fluids of a person suffering from Ebola by using protective materials like gloves, goggles, and masks
  • Disinfect the beddings and clothing of an infected person 
  • Persons suspected to be suffering from Ebola should be taken to the nearest health unit immediately for proper management
  • Persons who have died of Ebola must be handled using strong protective wear and buried immediately; avoid feasting and funerals should take a short time
  • Report any suspected cases of Ebola to the nearest health unit immediately
  • Wash your hands with soap and water after handling a patient or the body of a person who has died of Ebola
  • Avoid eating dead animals especially monkeys.


Source: www.cdc.gov/vhf/ebola/

             www.who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/fs103/en/

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