The felony of human trafficking is a gross violation of Human Rights and is a breach of the values of humanity. Trafficking in persons is well organized and involves various elements of society at the national, regional and international level.
The Indonesian Government is highly committed towards solving the problem of human trafficking. Efforts at dealing with human trafficking must be based on a national and international commitment towards early prevention, prosecuting perpetrators, protection of victims and increasing cooperation among related institutions. All instruments necessary to achieve this goal are continuously being fulfilled, equipped and perfected, from the legal frame work to budgeting for it.
The number of cases of human trafficking continues to rise. The sending of Indonesian migrant workers overseas is often used as an excuse for human trafficking, where the victims are transported illegally through middlemen. Every year at least 450 thousand Indonesian citizens (of which 70% are women) are sent to work overseas. Of that number, 46% are suspected to be victims of human trafficking [Migrant Care, 2009].
As a response to human trafficking, the Indonesian Government passed law number 21 of 2007 about Eradication of Trafficking in Humans. Several regulations have been set up implement the Law on Human Trafficking.
1. Government Regulation number 9 of 2008 on The Procedures and Mechanism of the Integrated Services for Witnesses and/or Victims of Human Trafficking; the Presidential Regulation number 69 of 2008 on The Task Force on the Prevention and Resolution of Human Trafficking, chaired by the Coordinating Minister for People’s Welfare and Managed by the Minister for Women’s Empowerment and the Protection of Children; and 19 cross-ministerial institutions as members of said Task Force.
2. The Coordinating Minister for People’s Welfare regulation number 25 of 2009 on the National Action Plan on the Eradication of Human Trafficking and Child Sexual Exploitation 2009-2014, which has mapped out each institutions’ role in the prevention and resolution of human trafficking.
3. The Minister for Women’s Empowerment and the Protection of Children regulation number 22 of 2010 on the Standard Operating Procedures for Integrated Services for Witnesses and/or victims of human trafficking.
4. The Task Force Manager’s regulation number 7 of 2010 on revisions of the Manager of the Task Force number 8 of 2009 on the Prevention and Resolution of Human trafficking.
Currently there are Prevention and Resolution task Force in twenty provinces and seventy cities to monitor and deliberate on the problems and barriers that they face. Furthermore, to synergize the steps taken to prevent and resolve human trafficking from the national level, a National Coordinative Meeting of the Task Force on Human Trafficking from 29th of September until the 1st of October 2010 which was attended by 250 participants from Jakarta and the regions and was officiated by the Vice President on the 30th of September 2010 at the Vice Presidential Palace.
On this occasion, the Vice President asked that compassion be employed when preventing and resolving cases of human trafficking. Not just business as usual because these cases can be considered as “extraordinary crimes against human rights and dignity”, where the victims usually come from the society’s weakest, including women and children.
At the opening of the National Coordinative Meeting, eight Joint Decisions were signed among several provincial governments in order to optimize and synergize the efforts at preventing and resolving human trafficking in each province, whether they be places of origin, transit or destination. The provinces that signed the Joint Decisions were:
1. West Java
2. Central Java
3. East Java
5. West Kalimantan
6. East Kalimantan
7. Riau Islands
Following the signing, a Memorandum of Understanding was also signed between the Indonesian Ministry of Women’s Empowerment and the Protection of Children and the Sahabat Wanita Foundation.
The national Coordinative Meeting on the Task Force for the Prevention and resolution of Human Trafficking produced priority recommendations that were formulated and agreed upon by all members of the Task Force. Among the recommendations were:
1. Harmonization of the policies of population administration with the policies of permits, taxation or ownership, to prevent duplicity of identification.
2. Harmonization of the programs among the sub-groups within the Task Force, through the sharing of information and data.
3. Prioritizing the allocation of budgets for prevention of human trafficking.
4. Strengthening the coordination between sub-groups within the Task Force at the regional and national levels.
5. Expanding and increasing service quality in the form of citizens’ Services at Indonesian Representative Offices in destination countries.
6. Strengthening cross-border cooperation, specifically by cities in border areas.
7. Intensifying socialization efforts and campaigns against human trafficking, drugs, AIDS and pornography through various media.
8. Boosting the capacity of law enforcement and immigration authorities in regards to the Law on the Eradication of Human Trafficking.
In order to collect sufficient information in assisting all stakeholders in comprehensively eradicating human trafficking, the Ministry for Women’s Empowerment and the Protection of Children in cooperation with International Catholic Migration Commission (ICMC) and The American Center for International Labor Solidarity (ACILS) have developed a website-based Information Center at http://www.gugugstugastrafficking.org. This information model has been introduced for use by members of the Task Force in addition to thirty users at the provincial level in mid-December 2010. This program was conducted so that the task Force on the Prevention and Resolution of Human Trafficking at the central government and provincial levels can process and deliver data and information, while accessing information in an easier and quicker way so that prevention and resolution of human trafficking can be achieved in an optimum manner.
The program in 2011 is: to strengthen coordination through the Strategic Plan of the Task Force based on the Ministry’s Strategic Plan in 2011 in order to improve monitoring of efforts at preventing and resolving human trafficking cases; building a monitoring and evaluation mechanism as a result of the National Coordinative Meeting of 2010, and to focus on strengthening the capabilities of the members in compiling trafficking data.