Kunjungi Protal Departemen Luar Negri | Selamat datang di KBRI Bogota D.C. |
Although Indonesia's diplomatic relations with Colombia can be said that is still relatively young which is 29 years, compared with Indonesia's diplomatic relations with other Latin American countries, but the intensity of the relationship and cooperation since it was first established the diplomatic relations can be said quite intensive. This is reflected in the establishment of the Colombian Embassy in Jakarta in 1983 and the implementation of several Indonesia high officials visit to Colombia in the period 1984-1989. Close diplomatic relations of both countries in the aforementioned era, was culminated with the establishment of the Embassy of the Republic of Indonesia in Colombia on May 1989 and with the approval accreditation of Dr. Trenggono, Ambassador on June 20, 1989, which also marks the official operation of the Embassy of the Republic of Indonesia to the Republic of Colombia.
On June 1989 was formally established the Indonesian Embassy in Bogota that previously the diplomatic relation of Colombia was handled by the Indonesia Embassy in Brazil. However, due to the efficiency/budget savings, the Government of Colombia on September 6, 2002, the Government of Colombia officially announces the closing of its embassy in Jakarta.
As the impact of the Asian financial crisis in 1997-2002 periods, the intensity of the relationship between the two countries was little further down that led to the closure of the Colombian Embassy in Jakarta in September 2002. Following the closure of its Embassy in Jakara, the Colombian governments open its embassy in Kuala Lumpur. Malaysia has recorded the investment of Colombia around U.S. $ 1 million in the palm oil sector. Indonesia being handled by the Colombian Embassy in New Delhi. Meanwhile consular affair matter in Indonesia is served by an Honorary Consul of Colombia in Jakarta, Ms. Maria Mercedez.
During 2009, the government and the Armed Forces of Colombia acknowledge actively the development of Indonesia, either in the form of participation in the Embassy's diplomatic events, international conferences held by the government of Indonesia (NAM, Climate Change, WOC, F-11, etc.), programs KTNB programs as well as providing mutual support in international forum, such as the IMO, ITU, ICAO, Council of Human Rights, the International Narcotics Control Board, an others. Colombia also sent the representative at the World Ocean Conference in Manado in 2009 and F-11 in October 2009 in Jakarta. Areas that have a potential cooperation between both countries to strengthen more are the sea issues (Colombia supports the Archipelago of Indonesia), forestry (carbon trading), environment (Climate change), safety (drug trafficking, money laundering) and energy.
In the framework of social cooperation, the Colombian government, through a Memorandum dated October 16, 2009, has delivered condolences and aid donation of U.S. $ 12.000, - to overcome the damage caused by the impact of the earthquake in West Sumatra in September 2009. Donations will be transferred directly to the account number of Finance Ministers of Indonesia. For this reason Indonesia has address a appreciation and gratefulness to Colombian People and Government for the aforementioned donation.
Concrete bilateral cooperation existing today is cooperation between the Trans Jakarta and Bogota Trans-Millenio. On October 17 to 23, 2009, ITDP (Institute for Transport Development Program) delegates of Indonesia have visited Bogota to conduct further comparative studies. Meanwhile, in a visit on July 20, 2009, the Minister of Mines RI, Purnomo Yusgiantoro, has signed a Joint Declaration by the Colombian Minister of Mines, Dr. Hernan Martinez Torres, who essentially agreed to further cooperation in the field of energy. The visit was followed by a visit to Jakarta and Ecopetrol meeting with Pertamina and BP Migas.
Related to the Joint Commission both parties agreed in principle to do the Joint Commission in the near future. Colombia proposed Joint Commission to be held in Jakarta on March 23-25, 2010. Indonesia MOU draft proposal currently just waiting for the translation by the Colombians.
From the results of talks conducted by the Embassy with Colombian officials, The Colombian Government noticed the commitment to give priority to the opening of the Colombian Embassy in Jakarta in 2010. In this case would have prompted further development of this commitment.
Related to the development prospects of bilateral relations in trade, it is perhaps that Indonesia experience a high surplus with Colombia. The bilateral trade value in 2008 according to data from Colombia is U.S. $ 137 million. In this case it should be noted that more and more people are interested. Colombia in representing of 25 entrepreneurs has participated this year in the Trade Expo Indonesia 2009.
Related trial of the Ottawa Convention, the President has expressed his gratitude for the invitation conveyed by the President of Colombia to attend a meeting of the Ottawa Convention to be held in Cartagena on 3-4 December 2009. President of the Republic of Indonesia has delivered apology cannot attend but will convey a commitment to send a delegation to attend in Cartagena.
In the framework of ASEAN cooperation, FEALAC, Colombia has participated in the FEALAC conference in Bali. 2010, Colombia will play host to hold the hearing with an agenda FEALAC Counter Terrorism.
Cooperation within the framework of APEC: Colombia is very aware the importance of APEC and therefore it expects Indonesia to provide support for Colombia will become a member of APEC. For that, Foreign Minister Jaime Bermudez is hoping to hold a meeting with Foreign Minister of Indonesia, Dr. Marty Natalegawa, on the sidelines of the APEC summit in Singapore 12-13 November 2009.
The existence of Bogota Embassy significantly strengthens relations between the two countries in various fields. Some things can be noted in political relations during the existence of the Embassy: visit each other parliaments of both countries in the period 1988-1990; Visits Lawyers and Professionals Association (ASAPIDA) in June 1992 to study the role of women in both countries, each elected as Chairman of Indonesia Non-Aligned Movement in 1992 and Colombia in 1995.
Peak of the closeness of diplomatic relations between the two countries can be said to occur in 1996, where President of Colombia, Ernesto Samper Pizano official state visit with a delegation from the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Office of News and Colombian Chamber of Commerce. This visit is the first official visit of high officials of the President in the history diplomatic relations level between both countries. This state visit provides a very positive outcome because it is followed by the signing of the Cooperation Agreement of Culture and Education, Cooperation Agreement Between the Office of News and Centro de Information de Colombia, and the Cooperation Agreement Chambers of Commerce and Industry of Indonesia (KADIN) and the Confederacion de Cámaras de Comercio (CONFECAMARAS) . In this visit, the exact date is October 24, 1996 Agreement was also signed by the Economic and Technical Cooperation Indonesia, Colombia, but due to translation errors in the Spanish language in the 1996 Agreement KSET annulled and a new agreement signed KSET returned by the Indonesian Foreign Minister, Ali Alatas and Colombian Ambassador to Indonesia Luis Fernando Angel on October 13, 1999.
To further strengthen the diplomatic relations the two countries Embassy Bogota tried to organize a state visit to Indonesia president of Colombia. President Abdurrahman Wahid's visits to Colombia have been prepared before the president attended the OPEC summit in Caracas Venezuela on 28 September 2000. However, these requests fail is realized because sudden things are happening in Indonesia. Indonesia forced the President to delay the departure abroad.
In connection with the sudden cancellation, the Government of Colombia and Indonesia, through the Embassy Bogota, agreed to improve relations between the two countries through various means such as mutual support in international forum and invite Embassy to actively participate in various seminars, conferences and exhibitions in Colombia.
Interwoven cooperation in economic and technical fields the two countries have actually initiated a decade before the signing of the Agreement KSET, precisely since the 1984/1985 Fiscal year in which the Indonesian government offered to citizens of Colombia to take advantage of scholarships Inter-Technical Cooperation Developing Countries (KTNB). Unfortunately, these scholarships offer less appreciated, where during the period 1984-1998 was recorded only three of the participants' Meeting on Technical Cooperation among STOs in Fertilizer "from Colombia.
Enhance efforts and improve economic relations expertise in the field of economics for the business has been pioneered by the Indonesia Embassy since the founding. Businesses that can be recorded is the Flower Association of Indonesia visit to the city Bogota DC and Rio Negro, Medellín to study flower development technologies and methods of flower industrialization on 6-10 January 1993. As Colombia is known at that time and up to now is the second largest flower producer in the world after the Netherlands.
Coffee research collaboration between research centers and coffee in Jember in Pereira also successfully pioneered by the Embassy in Bogota in 1993. This business is considering Colombia is the main producer in the world of coffee and Colombian coffee is better known worldwide than the coffee that in fact Indonesia is also one of the world's major coffee producers.
Mutual economic delegation visited Indonesia and Colombia that could be recorded since Bogota was founded Embassy delegation visit employers and the Chamber of Commerce Colombia to Indonesia in 1996 in the party delegation state visit President Ernesto Samper and the Colombian delegation visits Minister of Trade and Industry, Indonesia, Rini Suwandi and Head of BKPM , Theo Toemion, in the year 2003.
In addition to creating a cooperative effort "sister city" to some cities in Colombia had begun with the establishment of Monumento el domo de las antípodas in Neiva City, created by Colombian engineer José Antonio Rodríguez Puentes. This monument is a tangible evidence of the proximity of Indonesia, Colombia, where the city of Neiva in Huila Province was right on different points of the city of Palembang in South Sumatra Province. Apart from being realized not be the same monument in the city of Palembang, and yet the realization of the relationship "sister city" between the cities in Indonesia and Colombia, but this antípodas Monumento development can be the main point and the beginning of development cooperation "sister city" Indonesia-Colombia.
Actual demand cooperation "sister city" was submitted by several cities in Colombia, among others Pereira-Bandung, Tumaco-Makasar, and requests the Governor of Province Island of San Andres, Providence and Santa Catalina in 2001 that explored the twin city cooperation making the islands of San Andres in the city in Indonesia. Despite these twin city proposal got positive response from the cities in Indonesia, but up to now this cooperation can be realized yet.
The sister city partnership that if being realized is worth between Jakarta and Bogota, DC, since both cities are equally into the state capital, has a transportation system TransMilenio / Transjakarta and plays anti-polar, though not as precisely Neiva-Palembang, is 200 km.
Other co-operation can still be realized is the Colombian National Police Commission for Cooperation with the Indonesian Police. Plan of cooperation in the form of a comparative study visit program and scholarship study in educational institutions of both countries real police filed by the Colombian National Police Commission to the Embassy on January 22, 2001. The proposal is a positive response from the Indonesian Police as stated in the Letter of Indonesian Police Chief dated March 30, 2001.
Colombian party postpone the implementation of this cooperation is to wait the turn of the Colombian police chief in 2002 and the corrections made by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Colombia to the proposed collaboration they pose. But up to now have not been cooperative programs had been conducted.
In the field of social and cultural information in 1996 managed to sign news exchange cooperation agreement between the Antara News Agency and the Centro de Information de Colombia (CIC). The main purpose of the establishment of this cooperation is to improve the coverage of both countries directly without quoting the news from the international news agency. Unfortunately these relationships lasted only very briefly. According to information from Antara News, mutual news exchange cooperation carried out only for 3 months and then disconnected. This partnership breakup can be caused by the economic crisis and the world at that time or the political situation in the country of Colombia at the time. This news exchange cooperation was not yet formally terminated.
Meanwhile, since the government of President Alvaro Uribe Colombian National News Agency is SNE (Servicio de Noticias del Estado) which is different from previous news agency CIC. News about or related to Indonesia is increasing within the last 9 years. Based on data from Colombia's largest daily El Tiempo, reports the news about Indonesia amounted to 112 in 2000, up to 130 news in 2006, 265 news (2007), and 278 news (2008). Despite an increase in coverage of Indonesia within the last 3 years, but most quoted news from international news agencies such as EFE, CNN, BBC, or AP.
Related to the implementation of education and culture cooperation, which was signed in 1996, wiith the facilitation of the Embassy it has been conducted in sending reporters to Indonesia of El Tiempo journalist in 2004 and the El Espectador newspaper reporter in 2009.
Colombia students who take advantage of the scholarships Darmasiswa and Developing Country Partnership also increased from three student KNB scholarship year 2004/2005 to 3 people awardees Darmasiswa for 2007/2008 and two scholarship for 2007/2010 Colombia's own government offer scholarships to foreign students but, until this time with no special offers given to Indonesian students.
In the social field of culture, the Government of Indonesia provides humanitarian aid worth U.S. $ 20,000 when natural disasters occurred in Colombia in 1994. The assistance delivered directly through Ambassador Agusni Sastradireja to Colombian Foreign Minister Rodrigo Pardo Pena. Meanwhile, the Colombian government is also providing humanitarian aid West Sumatra earthquake in 2009 worth U.S. $ 12,000.
In the field of Consul, Bogota Embassy since it was established providing various services to the citizen consular affairs and foreign citizens residing in Colombia, Panama and Ecuador. In the era of the early 1990s when the fishing boats are still docked in the harbor a lot of Buenaventura, Embassy provides information to the citizen who became a fish for the crew was not involved in cocaine traffic network uses a lot of foreigners who became fishing crew, cruise ship goods or to be a courier of cocaine with the lure of huge money.
The situation in the country that are less conducive in Colombia in the mid and late 90s era did not make the citizen carrying a crew of fishing vessels, cargo ship and yacht based in region of Colombia. However, along with the improvement of security situation and the Colombian economy since the 2008/2009 accounted recorded 60 Indonesians into the fish crew and domiciled in the territory of Colombia. Of course, in the return of fishing boats, ships and cruise ships goods to the Colombian territory had to be a special concern of the Embassy in Bogota since 2001-2002 was recorded 3 (three) people imprisoned in Colombia and Indonesia for smuggling drugs (cocaine).
A citizen was arrested on January 1, 2001 and imprisoned for 4 years for carrying 4 kg of cocaine. Later on March 12, 2002, two cruise ship crew citizens arrested for carrying 1.381 kg of cocaine and imposed their 4-year prison sentence. Embassy always cooperates with relevant agencies and providing assistance to their translator during the trial in Colombia.
But somehow is worth to note that assistance from the Embassy in this case is very limited given the Colombian government will not provide relief or ease prison sentence in the court process to any foreign citizen who is lawfully proved to smuggle cocaine.